How natural forest fires and storms are beneficial?

Picture of a forest fire.

The sight of blackened, fire-ravaged trees standing forlornly on a denuded mountain is not a pleasant one.

Aside from ruining beautiful scenery, a forest tire destroys vast quantities of valuable timber.

Decades may be required to repair the damage it does.

For that reason humans see in a forest fire great waste of a natural resource, but in the economy of nature it may not necessarily be a tragic waste.

Over a period of time trees can become too crowded and the forest floor too thickly littered for new trees to sprout and grow.

Fire is one of the ways nature has of clearing away an old forest so a new one can spring up.

The ashes and the gradual decay of the fallen trees contribute to the fertility of the soil, and the clearing of the soil and the exposing of it to direct sunlight help in the propagation of plants and trees of many types.

Trees such as pitch pine, jack pine, lodge pole pine and aspen are helped to survive by a fire.

Otherwise they would be crowded out by other types of trees.

An occasional fire that clears away the litter on the forest floor and opens up the leafy canopy above benefits them.

Their heavy-bodied cones are opened by the intense heat of the fire, allowing the seeds to spill out on the bare ground.

Their seeds soon sprout and in a matter of years a new forest has taken the place of the old one.

The time may seem long to humans, but to nature it is short.

The occasional burning of grasslands and chaparral is not necessarily a waste as far as nature is concerned.

New and vigorous growths usually spring up, to the benefit of the many wild animals that depend upon them for food and shelter.

In marshlands a fire that sweeps away the tall, dead reeds clears the way for young sprouts to grow, providing food for waterfowl.

Thus what may appear as a wasteful fire to humans may be useful in the long-range economy of nature.

On the other hand, tires carelessly started by humans are far too numerous and ill-timed to fall into the same category.

Wind storms and ice storms

A wind storm uprooted tree.

Violent winds and severe ice storms can do a great amount of damage to a forest.

Limbs are snapped off and trees are blown over.

Following a severe storm a forest may have a devastated appearance, but since the forest is made up of living things it does not stay that way.

The damage proves to be beneficial in the long run.

Uprooted trees and broken limbs gradually decay, returning to the soil valuable nutrients.

In the mounds of earth turned up by the fallen trees seedlings take root and in time replace the trees blown down.

For the many years the logs lie on the ground they provide protective shelter to many of the little  animals that scamper about the forest floor.

For wood grubs they provide food and shelter.

Since the majority of wood-eating insects prefer weak or dead trees, they perform a useful service in eliminating such trees from the forest.

As for the damage insects and diseases do to living trees, this is usually kept to a minimum in a virgin forest where humans do not interrupt the natural balance of things.

Occasionally 'a plague of insects may do a lot of damage to a species of tree, perhaps nearly eliminating it from the forest, but the plague passes in time and the forest adjusts to the changes it caused.

Nothing wasted

A bear on a forest tree.

The vast amount of food, such as berries, nuts, and so forth, that is produced in the forest is not wasted when humans does not use it.

It helps to feed the wildlife there.

Even that which rots on the ground is not wasted.

The ground of a forest teems with living animals, most of them too small for humans to see with his naked eye.

One square foot of ground may contain four times as many animals as there are humans on earth.

Most of them are microscopic.

Since these organisms need food just as do the larger animals, they feed on what comes to them.

The fruit, leaves and other vegetable matter as well as animal wastes form their food supply.

If they did not feed on this material the forest would soon be choked with debris.

About two tons of material fall upon an acre of forest floor every year.

This material, which to humans appears wasted, plays an important part in nature’s economy by feeding the fantastically large population of animals that live in the soil of the forest.

Their activity contributes to its fertility.

Bacteria decompose the debris, liberating the chemicals in it that are vital to plant growth.

During their short life-span bacteria decompose a quantity of matter every day that is equal to 100 to 1,000 times their own weight.

The ammonia compounds that result from decomposition are changed into valuable nitrates, which are vital to plant life, as that is the only source most plants have for indispensable nitrogen.

Other chemical substances that result from the breaking down of complex carbohydrates and proteins in the dead matter are not wasted but are absorbed by plant roots and used to produce plant tissue that, in turn, provides food for the many animals that live on vegetation.

When an animal dies and its body falls to the floor of the forest, the small animals there begin feeding upon it.

Worms, insects and bacteria consume what is left by carrion-eating birds and animals.

In a short while nothing remains.

The elements in the body are not wasted but are used again.

Dead bodies, as well as bacteria, animal wastes and dead vegetable matter contribute to the production of the layers of nourishing humus that make the forest soil fertile for plant life.

The valuable elements in this dead organic matter are not wasted but are reused by the living plants.

This fact should cause a person to feel less distressed at the sight of rotting fruit lying on the ground around a fruit tree.

Whether in plant life or in animal life, death, through the process of decay, contributes to the continuation of life.

The great quantity of water that rainstorms dump upon a forest is not wasted water because humans are not living there to use it.

Some of it is caught by the leaves of the trees, and when the storm passes it evaporates into the atmosphere, contributing to the humidity in the air of the forest.

Much that falls upon the forest floor is caught in the mazes of small passageways dug by worms and other insects.

These myriads of passageways act as reservoirs, preventing the water from running off too quickly.

They also serve the good purpose of aerating the soil.

A large amount of water that falls upon the forest floor is taken up by the roots of the trees and other plant life.

By the process of transpiration a certain amount of water is returned to the atmosphere through the leaves of the plants.

During the summer one acre of forest may give up to the atmosphere more than 2,500 gallons of water a day.

Water that does not remain in the soil sinks deep into the ground to build up the underground water supply that keeps springs and wells flowing during the periods when no rain is falling.

It is for this reason that forests play an important part in the water economy of nature.

Although water that quickly runs off bare hills does not build up the vital underground water supply, it is not wasted.

It is eventually picked up by the sun’s rays through the process of evaporation and recycled as rain to water the land once again.

Human activity effects on forests

Soil erosion caused by human activity.

The damage done by erosion is kept to a minimum by nature where humans do not disrupt the balance of things.

Forests and grasslands hold the soil in place and cause water to soak into the ground.

When human exhausts the soil by overworking it or denudes it by overgrazing it, there is nothing to hold the soil in place.

Gradually rains and wind erode it away, and in time the land becomes a desert.

This is the story in northern Africa, where great portions of land along the Mediterranean were once fertile.

The land ruined is now desert, with once prosperous cities buried under sand.

Throughout the earth humans foolishly has ruined much of its riches.

Nature, on the other hand, builds up and conserves natural resources.

The forest is a wonderful example of the economy of nature.

In the balance existing there that continues century after century, with vital elements being used over and over again.

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How to solve the water shortage problem?

A drop of water from a tap.

The increasing magnitude of the water shortage problem is not caused by a substantial decrease in the supply of fresh water on the earth; that remains fairly constant.

Humans do not create new water, they only reuses the water already here.

In fact, since there is no such thing as brand new water, the next glass of water you drink may contain molecules that were in the rivers during the first century.

If there is no less water now than in past centuries, it is reasonable to ask, Where is the water?

Where is the water?

The water of the earth.

In a broad sense, humans have at their disposal some about 332,500,000 cubic miles of water.

However, about 97 percent of it is salty ocean water, unfit to drink in its present state and unsuitable for most irrigation.

Another about 2 percent is held in permanent deep freeze in glaciers and icecaps.

So, in reality, man is left with less than 1 percent of the world’s total water supply that he can readily use.

Fortunately, the sun daily draws out of the oceans billions of gallons of fresh water and makes a gift of it to the land in the form of rain and snow, replacing the water that is used and that flows into the oceans.

This natural pump works night and day, bringing life-giving moisture to plants and sufficient water to till all man’s needs, if he will use it wisely.

However, human’s needs for water, or at least their demands, are far in excess of the approximately three litres a day per person said to be required by the human body in order to function properly.

With the increase in technology man uses a growing flood of water for washing, sanitation, cooking and comforts such as air-conditioners and swimming pools.

A typical town is estimated to use between 120 and 200 litres of water for each person every day.

In some cities, the use of water per person has soared well beyond 800 litres a day.

Even so, such personal and household application of water constitutes only a small percentage of the total amount used.

It is less than 10 percent.

Nearly half the water used in some countries is devoured by industry.

Though the figures vary according to the efficiency of the company, up to 7.5 gallons of water are used to make one pound of soap; 667 gallons for a ton of glass bottles; 16,000 gallons to produce one automobile.

The remaining 45 percent of the water used goes for agriculture.

Why so much?

You might wonder.

In addition to the water plants themselves use, they release into the atmosphere tremendous quantities of water each day; an average tree about 50 gallons; an acre of corn‘ some 4,000 gallons.

More and more, people are being awakened to the water problem.

The liquid they so long received in unlimited quantities at a low cost is, in an increasing number of places, becoming more costly to obtain.

What they took for granted has become a commodity in limited supply and carrying a price tag.

Look at any statistics, ponder any tables, and you can’t escape the conclusion that our No. 1 resource problem is water.

What are the main causes of the water shortage problem?

Water pollution.

It should not be concluded, though, that there just is not enough water to meet the demand; that is not so.

The main causes of water shortage problem as “rather a case of infinitely poor management.”

A major difficulty in the supply of suitable water for many areas is the fact that the water that is available is polluted.

The water is there, but humans have spoiled it, contaminated it to the extent that it is unpleasant and unhealthful to drink without first being put through a costly purification treatment.

For; example, while New York City struggles with a water shortage, the mighty Hudson River flows along its side.

Every second a million gallons of water sweep past the city into the Atlantic Ocean.

But the Hudson’s high degree of contamination has discouraged its use by New York City as a source of fresh water.

In ancient times towns and villages were often built by rivers so a supply of water would be readily available.

With growth and progress the towns and cities became cleaner and more sanitary at the expense of the waterways.

Sewage slowly polluted the water supply.

Once Londoners could fish for salmon in the Thames River.

By 1823 pollution had forced the salmon 'to abandon the river; yet it continued to be used as a source of drinking water.

Little wonder that London suffered a number of severe cholera epidemics.

This contamination of rivers by sewage has continued to be a problem down to our day, causing many cities to abandon nearby rivers as sources of their fresh water.

While sewage is a contributor to the pollution, and thus to the water shortage, we cannot overlook industrial and agricultural pollution.

Many industries discharge into nearby waterways tons of chemicals and industrial wastes.

In addition they pump out of the rivers fresh water and return it as heated, contaminated water destructive to life.

A UNESCO report observed:

Even one thirtieth of an ounce of oil products can make 200 gallons of water sufficiently poisonous to kill aquatic life and unfit for domestic uses.”

Agriculture shares responsibility for pollution as pesticides are washed into the rivers.

The contamination thus caused is so pronounced that even the seas around Britain and European countries are being affected.

How to deal with water shortage problem?

Picture of the Ruhr river.

The problem is not hopeless!

The waterways and water supplies of the world can be restored to a condition where they will help ease the water shortage.

This has been successfully demonstrated in the populous, industrialized Ruhr area in Germany.

Even though the Ruhr River is threatened by the sewage of millions of people and the wastes from coal mines, steel mills and other industries, it is the cleanest major waterway in West Germany.

The key to success in the Ruhr is an association called the Ruhrverband.

Every industry and community using Ruhr water must be a member.

Simply stated, the principle on which the organization operates is: If you pollute the water, you must pay to purify it.

The more you pollute, the more you pay!

Understandably, in order to minimize their use of water, many factories have re-circulation systems, using water over again instead of quickly pumping it back into the river.

Consequently, some mills that once used 130 cubic yards of water to produce a ton of steel now use only 2.6 cubic yards.

Because of this campaign against pollution, the Ruhr River supplies drinking water for some three million people.

Encouraging steps are also being taken in some areas to eliminate the contamination resulting from sewage.

For years many communities shirked their responsibility to keep the water supplies pure because they felt that the problem was not theirs.

They reasoned:

Why should we go to the expense of installing efficient sewage treatment plants when the other towns on the river do not?’

As a result, the garbage from one city floated to the doorstep of the next one down the stream.

With the growing awareness of the potential water supply available from rivers, communities are taking action.

More and more of them are installing or improving their plants for the treatment of sewage.

In addition to being a method of eliminating pollution in the rivers, proper treatment of human wastes can help relieve the water shortage in another way.

Since sewage is mainly water, why not reclaim the water and put it to use?

At first the idea might seem repugnant, but so is the thought of having no water.

One water expert commented:

Sewage actually is 99 percent plain water. All the pollutants in it amount to less than 1 percent. . . .We have the processes for removing that 1 percent-leaving water purer than when it came from nature.”

Demonstrating the feasibility of this process, one arid town in the United States puts to use the liquid effluent of a standard sewage treatment.

After being given further chemical purification and then filtered, the water is used to fill public ponds.

The people of the community happily swim and fish in this reclaimed water.

After their normal water supply failed, 10,000 residents of another town lived for several months on such reclaimed water.

Even if the water from a sewage plant is not purified to the extent that it is safe to drink, it can be put to good use.

In an experiment at one university, instead of pumping the effluent into a pond or stream, the water was sprayed over trees and land.

What was the result?

The mineral rich water increased the yield from corn and hay crops 300 percent.

Another benefit gained from this use of reclaimed water was that it substantially decreased the yearly drop in the local water table, the underground water supply in the earth.

One major city is lessening its water shortage problem by using the ground as both a filter and a storage area.

Water from its sewage disposal plants and excess water available during the winter is allowed to seep into the earth.

This purifies the reclaimed water and holds it until it is needed; then the clean water is simply pumped out.

In effect the ground becomes a water bank.

What else is being done?

Scientists, realizing that some farms use over a million gallons of water to irrigate each acre of land for a growing season, have been seeking to decrease the amount of fresh water used for agriculture.

Water that is not good to drink may be line for irrigation.

In Israel an experimental garden has been grown using only seawater.

Other experiments have shown that certain vegetables, such as beets, kale and spinach, can be grown on brackish water.

Of course, such water would not be suitable for all crops.

Even the past is helping the present in its water crisis.

In his book Rivers in the Desert archaeologist Nelson Glueck stated about the ancient Nabataeans:

They sought out drops of moisture with the same eagerness that hunters display when stalking game. . . . Their endless effort, crowned more often than not by success, was to make wheat or barley or grapevines grow where none had even been planted before and to tap or to collect supplies of water where none was known previously to exist.”

Today farmers in Israel employ Nabataean methods, such as conserving ‘run off’ water, to grow crops successfully in normally desert areas.

Much has been said recently that might give persons the idea that the solution to the water shortage problem rests in developing economical methods of desalting ocean water.

For example, one proposed atomic-powered desalination plant would turn out up to 150 million gallons of fresh water a day, enough to supply a city of 750,000.

But a noted water scientist at Harvard University remarked:

"If the oceans were all fresh water, it still wouldn’t solve the problem."

There would remain the difficulty of transporting it to distant inland areas.

Pumping costs alone would render such sources as prohibitive for large-scale irrigation.

So while desalination might be a partial answer for places having little or no potable water, for the majority of lands the cheapest solution rests in conservative and sensible use of existing water.

'There is a saying, ‘Tall oaks from little acorns grow.’

In principle that also applies to the water problem.

While the water one individual or one family saves will not solve a country’s water problem, it is a step in the right direction.

Besides, it is a good lesson in economy.

For instance, think of how much water would be conserved if persons did not let the faucet water run until it got cold.

Why not, instead, keep a container of water in the refrigerator?

Do you fill the glass with water even when you want only a sip?

After you finish washing vegetables, could you use the water on some nearby potted plants or the flowers outside the window?

Do you leave the water running while you wash each dish individually, or till a container and use the same water for many dishes?

A great quantity of water could be saved if each person exercised more care in his daily use of this precious commodity.

Just as the water shortage has different causes in different places, so it is that there is no one universal solution to the problem.

Nature has seen to it that there is fresh water available for humans, but humans must see to it that they treat with respect.

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How to be a fun dad?

Father and child having fun.

Fathers are often completely surprised at the pleasure and enjoyment they receive from playing with their children.

But why should they be?

Is this not natural?

The value of such warm, close companionship and fun sharing during a child’s formative years should never be underestimated, for its contributions for good are great.

Fatherhood not only calls for love, integrity, courage and knowledge, but also requires a sharing of these qualities daily with those who depend on the father for their future.

Obviously, dad cannot be a real father, unless, of course, he is at home in body and mind.

When he is, it is then that he is happiest.

Father fun time with kids


Father and child on a swing.

But what can fathers do to enjoy their children?

And where will a hardworking father 'find the time for such activity'?

There are 168 hours in a week for each of us.

The average man spends about 40 of them at his secular work.

Allow another 20 hours for traveling time and lunch.

Then set l aside 56 hours, eight each ; night, for sleep. 

That adds up 4 to 116 hours, which leaves father 52 hours for eating, relaxing, or whatever else he wants to do.

Surely in those 52 hours should be able to set aside some time to be with his children.

But how many do it?

Not many.

Some father retort, "What can l do ?" l'm too old to play with children."

But playing with children is the very thing that keeps a man’s spirit from growing old.

And as for things to do, there are aplenty.

For example, there are games fathers can play with their children.

These can be played during mealtime, at bedtime or on weekends.

Some can be played while riding in a car, others while taking a walk.

The game “Chain Geography,” for instance, can be played using names of places.

A player begins by naming a country, territory, city, sea, river or something similar.

The other player then has to come up with another name that starts with the last letter of the preceding word.

Children and adults find this game great fun.

Another game is one in which a letter is called out and others add to the letter until a word is spelled or they add to it without spelling a word.

For instance, father may say H, Junior O, mother L. 

Now if sister were to say Y or E or D that would spell a word and she would either win or lose depending on how the game was played.

Quiz games are also enjoyable.

Father starts off saying, “I’m thinking of someone,” or, “I’m thinking of something.”

The children will try to find out what he is thinking, in twenty questions or less.

Or son will say, “Dad, you’re ‘it.’ ”

Now father must try to find out what “it” is.

So he will ask, “Where do I live? Do I build nests? Can I swim?”

The game continues until the other player guesses who he is or gives up.

There seems to be a game for every mood and moment.

Children enjoy playing checkers and become very adept too.

To turn checkers into a quick-moving romp try playing “give-away.”

The player tries to get rid of all his checkers as quickly as possible.

The first to do so is the winner.

Scrabble and anagrams test spelling and vocabulary.

Dominoes emphasize number adding and matching.

Chinese checkers is a game of jumping but not taking.

There are games to play with pencil and paper and games to play with other equipment.

Father may not think so, but when junior is sick in bed, a few moments of dad’s attention is some of the best medicine in the world.

When visiting with son bring along an old camera or clock and spend a few minutes tinkering with it together.

It is always good to spring some new riddle or story or some mental teaser.

Children never seem to get enough of these.

And if sister is in bed, try putting a jigsaw puzzle together with her or work a simple crossword puzzle

These things mean a lot to children and parents.

Having fun outdoors

Father and daughter hiking.

Most children like to play outdoor games with father.

Playing catch with a ball, hiking or climbing a hill are always great fun.

If you live near the seashore, go shell hunting with your children.

Teach them to listen to the surf roll in.

Sit in the pitch darkness of the night and thrill at the sight of the moon rise.

Observe its silvery reflections and dark shadows.

Watch sunrises and sunsets with them.

The memory of such scenes, photographed on the child’s mind, will mean more to him in manhood than many hour lectures on nature and good behavior.

A child’s world is fresh, new and exciting.

Here is a father’s chance to relive and recapture through the eyes of a growing child some of that excitement he once knew.

For a child to appreciate and wonder nature it needs the companionship of an adult who is willing to share his knowledge and experience.

If a father allows himself this experience he will rediscover a joy often lost to men of age.

Exploring nature with your child is deeply rewarding.

This is not a huge project; rather, it is a matter of becoming receptive to and aware of what lies around you.

For no matter where you live there are clouds and stars, the beauties of the dawn and the twilight.

If you train your child to appreciate things through all his senses, you will be keeping your own appreciation alive.

The sand grains of the seashore mean more to him if he sees them run through his fingers or looks at them under a magnifying glass.

He will not forget moss if he feels its velvety surface.

Have him distinguish the different fragrances as he walks with you through the forest.

Have him sniff seaweeds, iishes and salt water.

Train him so he can tell their separate odors.

Has he come to appreciate the smell of new mown hay or grass after a warm summer rain?

Has he tasted clover blossoms, wild grapes and blackberries?

To watch him thrill as you lead him through every new experience of life will bring joy to your heart.

Hearing too requires conscious cultivation.

Some children pass through life with out hearing the dawn chorus of the birds in the spring.

Never let this happen to your children.

Wake them up some morning and have them watch with you the daybreak.

The experiences of predawn are unforgettable.

The soft sounds of the wind, the happy ripple of a brook and the songs of birds are some of the never-to be forgotten sounds.

Someday hold your boy’s hand as together you watch a thunderstorm.

He will sense your fearlessness and learn courage thereby.

When he is around, look at things and speak of them with appreciation and keen interest, and he will learn to wonder and appreciate the world he lives in.

In such companionship your child will find joy and you will find inner contentment and a renewed excitement in living.

Having fun indoors

Father and son playing table tennis indoors.

Fathers can enjoy their children indoors as well as outdoors.

One way is by teaching them to become collectors of things.

Persons who collect things are unusually happy, because they live in so many places; that is, their imagination sweeps the wide world wherever things are found.

Some collect stamps and coins, others gather unusual shells, stones, leaves and flowers.

Collectors always have something in common to talk about.

Can’t you just see Junior’s excitement when he sees father?

“Dad! Guess what I have found!”

And away they go happily engrossed in conversation, discussing junior’s recent find.

Collections mean display cases and labeling.

The cases become filled with a variety of lovely flowers, shells and rocks.

Theirs is a miniature family museum.

These things will make them think of the places they have visited, things they have seen and the people they have met.

The coins and stamps they collect will remind them of faraway people and strange customs.

Fathers find delight in teaching children how to grow plants and flowers inside the home.

Children thrill in watching things grow.

Home aquariums and terrariums never cease to amuse both father and son.

Fish and underwater plant life are fascinating to watch.

In terrariums pet rabbits and turtles are kept.

Vegetable gardens are fine if there is a backyard.

Children will take a keen interest in gardening if parents will.

Home grown radishes, carrots, peas, beans and tomatoes always add new excitement to the dinner table. 

Display cases, flower boxes, terrariums and aquariums may also make you want to have a workshop.

Designing and creating things for home use are things children never forget.

While the workshop is a place of serious business, it is a marvelous place to teach children the value of tools, the need to keep them clean and in their proper places.

Junior can help in making snack trays or a bulletin board for the home.

Let him observe and help you make a wastepaper basket for the kitchen, or shelves for your cases.

Train him so he can make his own pencil holder and magazine rack.

Have him assist you whenever possible. 

His joy will be your great reward.

According to your own abilities, you can teach him to work with wood, leather, plastics, cork, aluminum, ceramic clay, cloth or copper.

Train him to use a saw, how to hammer, carve and whittle, grind and polish, bake clay, draw and paint.

While instructing him your own skills will be kept alive.

Yours will be the greater joy for having trained someone you love.

Having fun on when learning 

Father and child touring.

“Hey, Dad,. how about going somewhere?”

“Okay,” says father, “where shall we go?”

“Anyplace.”

But anyplace will never do.

Take the children to some specific place that they will remember.

While children never seem to tire of zoos and museums, of merry go-rounds and picnics, there is no need to go repeatedly to these places.

Why not take them to a paper mill or a newspaper publishing plant on occasion?

Let them see firsthand how paper is made and how newspapers are printed.

Children like ice cream and chocolate, so why not take them to ice-cream and chocolate factories?

A trip to the airport, a tour of an automobile factory, a visit to the city library, will enlarge their appreciation and better equip them for later life.

Spend a weekend on a poultry or dairy farm or visit a soda bottling plant.

A trip to the courthouse, a few hours at a trial and a tour of the city jail may teach children greater appreciation for law and order.

A few hours at a children’s hospital may make them aware of caring for their health and the need to be more careful and sympathetic toward others.

Is there a flower festival in town, an auto show, maybe a county or state fair nearby?

Any of these would be a joy to children.

There is no end of things that can be done without making repeated trips to the zoo or museum or simply watching television.

Talking, reading and singing together

Children love to know what father did when he was their age.

How did he have fun?

Where did he go?

What books did he read?

How did he meet mother?

So talk to them.

They enjoy dad’s getting them ready for bed and his few words with them until they fall asleep. 

The bedtime custom in many homes is for the father to read a chapter or two of the book aloud to his children before going to bed.

Some families sit in a circle.

Father will read a page, then mother, then each of the children will take turns in reading.

Every now and then the family will have a little songfest of their own.

They sing folk songs and some of the old time favorites.

Karaoke music, with everybody making gestures to suit the words, is always lots of fun.

Sometimes father can watch movies at home with his family.

Films are stocked with comedy, nature and instructive shorts on just about any subject you can name.

A father’s life does not have to be boring.

There are plenty of things for him to do that would add spice to his life, if he would but reach out and do them.

They are essential foods for a happy family life.

For some of the most profound satisfactions in a father’s life arise, not so much from his success in the business world as from his being truly a father to his children.

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