How to use your strength efficiently while working?

A woman taking a nap.

Do often feel tired, worn out, before the end of your workday?

If so, you can take comfort from the fact that you are by no means alone.

Yet one cannot help but notice that some people tire out less quickly than do others; they seem to get more done with less expenditure of their strength.

For them work is a pleasure, as it should be.

Wisely humans are equipped for working.

Humans were supplied with strong bones and muscles so that he could do needed physical work, and an amazing brain with which they do all manner of mental work.

They also constituted emotionally so as to get satisfaction and happiness from doing good and useful work.

What will help you to make the most of your strength while working?

Taking an interest in your work

Excited about work.

One thing that will greatly help is taking an interest in your work.

How so?

Because of the power of the emotions over the body.

When a young boy’s mother asks him to do some chores about the house, he may plead that he is tired.

But the next minute he may be expending all manner of energy playing ball with his youthful neighbors.

He finds the one activity emotionally satisfying, but not the other.

By taking a real interest in your work you can make it emotionally rewarding and so easier to do.

And you can spark your interest in your work by analyzing why it is necessary, why it is work that needs to be done.

Also you can increase your interest in it by reminding yourself of your own reason for doing it: because it supplies the necessities of life for yourself and your loved ones.

And you can further increase your interest in your work by giving thought to improving the quality of it, or your efficiency in doing it.

The resulting satisfaction will help you to dispel any feeling of boredom, which so often keeps a person from making the most of his strength while working.

Arranging of your tools or materials well

Well arranged medical equipment.

If you would make the most of your strength while working, you also do well to learn to avoid unnecessary movements.

A help in this regard is the arranging of your tools or materials in the most convenient way.

Modern kitchens are designed so as to require a minimum of steps on the part of the housewife as she prepares her meals.

She can use this principle in everything she does.

So can the farmer, the mechanic, the carpenter and others.

Employers often handsomely reward employees who come up with practical suggestions for improving the efficiency of an operation.

For this very purpose efficiency experts are hired.

Helpful in this regard is using both hands whenever doing so makes a task easier or quicker to do.

When lifting heavy objects, do not put the whole strain on your back by just bending over, but bend your knees so as to utilize the strength of your leg muscles.

Failure to do this has caused many people to rupture needlessly.

On the other hand, do not involve more of your body than is needed to perform a certain task.

Do not involve your whole arm when only your wrists or forearms are required to move.

Proper training should not be overlooked.

Often haste to get going on a job causes one to neglect proper instruction or training and so one proceeds in a manner that is not efficient and wastes much time and strength.

For example, one may acquire a typewriter and find much use for it.

But if one does not take the time first to learn to use it correctly, by the “touch” system, one will use just a finger of each hand, the so-called “hunt and peck” system, which is no system at all.

Not only is such typing slower and less likely to be accurate, but it is also far more wearying.
Being able to pace yourself is also helpful in conserving your strength while working.

If you are both nervous and conscientious, you most likely are prone to go just as fast as you can go.

As a result you are likely to make more mistakes as well as to be exhausted before your workday is ended. 

Regulate your rest, eating  and sleep well

A man taking a nap.

Learn to control your eagerness and to adopt a calm, steady pace.

Then you will not be exhausted before quitting time and will even have some strength left for the evening hours.

Another factor to consider, if you would make the most of your strength while working, is not to burden yourself by overeating.

Too rich and too heavy meals tend to slow you down and make application to tasks at hand more laborious.

Such meals also tend to make you overweight, and the fat person often finds all manner of physical work much harder to do.

It is important to get sufficient rest and sleep.

The amount of strength you have in the first place depends to a considerable extent on what you do each night.

Do not pursue pleasures so avidly that doing your work becomes a hardship or boring.

In particular is adequate sleep essential to restore your mental and nervous energy.

It is even more vital than food and drink.

But regardless of your vocation in life, it is the course of wisdom to give thought to making the most of your strength while working.

It results not only in efficiency but also in satisfaction and enjoyment of your work.

Read more…

What a parent and others can do for a premature baby?

Picture of a baby in a incubator.

Further, the baby’s head may seem a trifle large in proportion to the rest of the body, but this is nothing to be alarmed about.

As the baby approaches its full-term-delivery date, it will acquire more fat and begin manifesting the more symmetrical appearance of a full-term babe.

As to any special needs that the tiny tot may have, these range from few to many.

Each case is different.

But milestones have been reached.

Modern technology along with devoted hospital personnel and a superabundance of TLC from parents have resulted in a remarkable survival rate.

What parents can do

A mother with a premature newborn.

Parents, you especially can do much for your premature newborn.

Naming the child soon after birth is encouraged, as this draws parents and infant close together in a relationship that actually enhances the progress of the “earlycomer.” 

After the baby’s condition is stabilized, a foremost concern is to establish physical contact with the infant.

Caressing, gently stroking, and lightly massaging the baby’s skin may be appropriate, particularly if the baby cannot be held as yet.

And what could be more reassuring to the little one than to hear mom and dad’s voices expressed in soft humming, sweet lullabies, or whispered words of endearment?

On the other hand, when the baby is very premature, there is reason for caution.

 Dr. Peter A. Gorski, who spent two years recording preemie behavior, says:

They’re easily overwhelmed, and they crash. I’ve had babies so overtaxed by the social interaction of eye contact that they go limp. What seems kindly to us may not always be best.”

Visiting the baby as often as possible will certainly help to strengthen your relationship with him.

If, because of circumstances, you are not able to visit your little one physically, tape recordings of family members talking and other home sounds can be sent to the hospital for your baby to hear.

An article of clothing from mother, which even though laundered still retains her unique scent, might be placed in the incubator, or isolette.

Some have set a picture of mom, dad, or brothers and sisters about ten inches [25 cm] from the baby.

Consider the situation of Elise, who arrived ten weeks earlier than had been expected.

She weighed 3 pounds 5 ounces [1,500 g].

Her parents were permitted to visit her only twice a week.

Her mother, Betty, observes:

“I did not have the closeness with Elise that I had with my first baby and the three children born after her.Yet, through the years we have grown close, and Elise has turned out to be one of the most helpful and pleasant of the children.”

Mother can provide the perfect food for the premature baby, her breast milk.

Canadian scientists in Toronto found that milk of mothers of preemies is different in composition from milk of mothers of full-term infants, and prematures fare better with it.

According to The Journal of the American Medical Association, “the premature infant [is] better able to use the protein and other nutrients of breast milk for growth.”

What others can do

Group of friends.

Are you a friend or a relative of a preemie’s parents?

If so, there is much you can do.

There are groceries to be bought, meals to be cooked, housework to be done, clothing to be laundered, and perhaps other children to be cared for.

Your support in these mundane matters can be most helpful to parents who must make frequent and often long trips to visit their baby in a neonatal intensive care unit.

Christy, the mother of an infant born over five weeks early, said that her brothers and sisters supplied all of the above.

“They were a constant source of joy and strength to us in those first few weeks,” she said.

Support can also be given by sending cards and gifts.

The gifts may include anything you would obtain for a full-term infant.

The size of the infant must be taken into consideration, of course.

Preemie-size disposable or cloth diapers are available, as well as preemie patterns and clothing.

Emotional support cannot be overemphasized.

Be positive and optimistic.

Kelly’s mom, Mary, said:

“I needed people to be encouraging and say up building things. I hated it when some would say, ‘Don’t get too attached.’ I thrived on hope.” 

Both mothers, Christy and Mary, said that the support they received from their husbands was immeasurable and that the experience drew them closer together.

Prevention—The wise course 

Picture of a pregnant woman.

There is wisdom in expending more effort in trying to prevent premature births rather than in simply caring for preemies afterward.

According to one study made in the United States, for every hour a pregnancy between 24 and 28 weeks is prolonged, $150 is saved in hospital care.

So it would be beneficial to include information on premature births in your “prenatal library” and to have a plan of action ready in case a premature birth occurs.

But more importantly, a prospective mother should try to prevent having a premature birth.

First, a pregnant woman should not smoke.

Smoking during pregnancy evidently damages fetal arteries, according to a report in Medical World News.

A Cornell University professor commented:

That fetal vessels are injured, I think, goes along with what we know about the low birthweights and high incidence of congenital malformations and premature separations among babies of women who smoke.” 

Second, if you are pregnant, you should steer clear of overly strenuous activities, such as heavy lifting.

Third, avoid situations that may cause physical or emotional trauma.

If you are at high risk of delivering a preemie, you should consult with a person, such as an obstetrician, who has had experience in caring for pregnant women.

Women at high risk include those who previously have given birth to a premature child, those who are carrying more than one child, those who are over 40 years of age or are teenagers, and those who use alcoholic beverages immoderately.

Among other things that put a woman in the high-risk category are high blood pressure, diabetes, and abnormalities of the placenta.

Such women need to have their pregnancy monitored more closely.

Be sure to observe a proper prenatal diet to ensure the best possible health for you and your baby. 

Read more…

How to ensure the food you eat is safe?

Eating food.

Bacteria that cause food-related illnesses have certain requirements for life—food, water, air, warmth, and time.

If one of these essentials is removed, growth is stopped or inhibited.

So eating safely means that food must be prepared under conditions that do not allow bacterial growth in the food or the spread of contamination in the kitchen.

Consider the following suggestions for safe eating, and wisely make application in your home where necessary.

Food hygiene 

Holding food with clean hands.

Wash your hands, preferably with soap, before handling food.

Be sure to bandage any hand injuries.

Avoid sneezing and coughing over food, and refrain from touching your hair or wiping your nose while handling food.

If your food preparation is interrupted and you attend to other things, such as using the toilet or handling animals, be sure to wash your hands before touching the food again.

Wash the food you are going to prepare.

Never use fresh fruits and vegetables directly from the market or your own garden without washing them, even if they will be cooked.

The water used for washing should be clean.

If unpeeled vegetables and fruits are to be eaten raw, scrub these foods (preferably with a vegetable brush) to remove dirt as well as pesticide residue.

Leafy vegetables, such as spinach and lettuce, should also be thoroughly washed to remove sand and soil.

If you live in a tropical area where parasites, such as intestinal worms and flukes, are common, then all fresh fruits and vegetables that will be served raw or only lightly cooked should be washed in clean water with a small amount of disinfectant added to kill these organisms.

Hypochlorite is a common, effective disinfectant, marketed under a variety of brand names.

Normally, a small amount is dissolved in clean water, and the fruits and vegetables are submerged.

The food can then be washed off with plain, clean water before it is eaten.

Thoroughly cook all meat, fish, and poultry to destroy harmful organisms.

Frozen meat and poultry should be thawed out completely before cooking it, so that heat can penetrate to the center.

Pigs may be infected with trichina worms, and humans who eat improperly cooked pork may develop trichinosis.

In some countries 10 percent of the sausage meat sold in large city markets is said to be infected with trichinosis.

Trichina worms can be killed by thorough cooking at high heat, but other processing methods, such as smoking and pickling, do not kill them.

Fish and shellfish may harbor liver or lung flukes, which will pass into the human system if the fish is not cooked thoroughly.

Salting, pickling, or soaking them in rice wine is not sufficient to kill such parasites.

Although raw fish and shellfish are customarily eaten in some cultures, caution should be exercised if water pollution is severe.

When water is from a questionable source, it should be boiled before consumption, for at least 15 minutes where water contamination is severe.

In some areas drinking water may be purified by chlorination, but it should not be relied upon where bacteria and parasites are common.

Boiling is best

Boiling food.

In many countries contaminated water spreads cholera, jaundice, typhoid, paratyphoid, bacillary dysentery, and amoebic dysentery, among other diseases.

In some places even city water supplies cannot be assumed to be safe.

Once water is boiled, store it in clean, covered vessels.

In some areas the filtering of water is also recommended.

Filters are available as faucet attachments or as separate units into which water is poured and allowed to drip through unglazed porcelain or other filtering substances.

Filtering removes suspended particles and contaminants, but it usually does not get rid of harmful bacteria.

However, some new filters and attachments evidently do remove harmful bacteria, although they are relatively expensive, and if they are not regularly changed, they themselves may contaminate.

Modern filtering equipment even enabled the astronauts to drink their own urine.

If your milk is not pasteurized, it is wise to sterilize it by heating. Indian nutritionist Dr. Sucy Eapen warns:

There is danger of contamination of the milk by the animal itself, by the milk vendor and his handling of it, and also by the containers used for the milk.”

Milk should be heated to 160 degrees Fahrenheit [72° C.] or higher and kept at that temperature for at least 15 seconds.

Then chill it rapidly to 50 degrees Fahrenheit [10° C.] or cooler.

Another method involves heating the milk for a longer time at lower temperatures: 145 to 151 degrees Fahrenheit [63 to 66° C.] for 30 minutes.

Keep flies away from food

A fly on a corn maize.

Flies may carry germs that cause typhoid, cholera, dysentery, scarlet fever, and diphtheria.

They can also transmit the virus of polio and the eggs of intestinal worms and parasites.

The best way to deal with flies around the home is to keep them from breeding.

You can examine your own situation and see if refuse needs to be cleaned up.

Containers for garbage should be properly covered and disinfected.

Don’t allow anyone to dump filth near your living quarters.

Manure should be covered or disposed of so that flies cannot breed there.

Eat food soon after it is cooked, especially during hot weather.

Harmful bacteria will quickly multiply.

If you want to prepare food early and eat later, then chill the food after cooking it and thoroughly reheat it before serving.

Cooked food should be kept sufficiently hot (above 140° F. [60° C.]) or cold (below 50° F. [10° C.]).

The danger zone—where bacteria will grow and multiply—is in between.

This means that leftovers should not be kept if they cannot be chilled.

If you have no refrigeration, cook enough for one meal only.

In some lands herbs and spices are often contaminated with bacteria.

So these should be added to food at the beginning of cooking to receive full heat treatment.

Kitchen cleanness 

A dirty kitchen.

Keep your kitchen clean.

This includes your cooking utensils, your clothes, and you.

If you normally cook and prepare food on the floor, make it a habit in your family to remove street shoes before entering the cooking area.

Shoes can carry diseases from contact with human and animal fecal matter and contaminate the food you work so hard to prepare.

Pets and other animals should be kept away from food-preparation areas.

Wash dishes with hot water and soap.

If you are washing a number of cooking utensils, discard the water when it gets dirty and replace it with clean hot water and soap.

Dry dishes with clean cloths, or let them air-dry in an area away from dust and insects.

In many lands utensils are scrubbed with ash, rinsed with water, and dried in the sun.

This produces satisfactory results where soap is not economical to use, as the alkaline ash kills microorganisms, and the heat and ultraviolet rays of the sun sanitize the utensils.

Outside your home

Eating at a restaurant.

At restaurants or large gatherings where food is served buffet or cafeteria style, try to choose foods that appear to be either very hot or very cold.

If you note that food has been sitting out at room temperature for a long time in hot weather, it may be best to avoid it.

Since it costs money to boil water, many restaurants in developing lands do not boil the drinking water served to their customers, so it is safer not to drink it.

Also, avoid juices or drinks that require added water or ice. Bottled drinks or hot drinks are generally safer.

If worms and other intestinal parasites are a problem in the area, avoid all raw salads.

And no matter how tempting they are, avoid vegetables and fruits that cannot be peeled.

It is likely that such foods were not properly washed or disinfected.

In some places fresh fruits and vegetables are cut up and sold on the street for easy eating.

These may well be unsafe to eat.

In many Oriental lands, street vendors are a popular sight, serving up a variety of mouth-watering items.

Before eating food at such a stand, observe the sanitary conditions.

Does it seem dirty?

Is the food already cooked and sitting uncovered?

Is there a provision for garbage disposal, or is garbage strewed about?

Does the one preparing the food appear dirty and unkempt?

Are there animals nearby and many flies?

If the answer to any of these questions is yes, then you’re inviting problems if you eat there.

Nearly everyone delights in eating well-prepared, tasty food.

But exercise good judgment and care when handling and selecting food.

Then enjoy safe eating!

Read more…