How to solve the water shortage problem?

A drop of water from a tap.

The increasing magnitude of the water shortage problem is not caused by a substantial decrease in the supply of fresh water on the earth; that remains fairly constant.

Humans do not create new water, they only reuses the water already here.

In fact, since there is no such thing as brand new water, the next glass of water you drink may contain molecules that were in the rivers during the first century.

If there is no less water now than in past centuries, it is reasonable to ask, Where is the water?

Where is the water?

The water of the earth.

In a broad sense, humans have at their disposal some about 332,500,000 cubic miles of water.

However, about 97 percent of it is salty ocean water, unfit to drink in its present state and unsuitable for most irrigation.

Another about 2 percent is held in permanent deep freeze in glaciers and icecaps.

So, in reality, man is left with less than 1 percent of the world’s total water supply that he can readily use.

Fortunately, the sun daily draws out of the oceans billions of gallons of fresh water and makes a gift of it to the land in the form of rain and snow, replacing the water that is used and that flows into the oceans.

This natural pump works night and day, bringing life-giving moisture to plants and sufficient water to till all man’s needs, if he will use it wisely.

However, human’s needs for water, or at least their demands, are far in excess of the approximately three litres a day per person said to be required by the human body in order to function properly.

With the increase in technology man uses a growing flood of water for washing, sanitation, cooking and comforts such as air-conditioners and swimming pools.

A typical town is estimated to use between 120 and 200 litres of water for each person every day.

In some cities, the use of water per person has soared well beyond 800 litres a day.

Even so, such personal and household application of water constitutes only a small percentage of the total amount used.

It is less than 10 percent.

Nearly half the water used in some countries is devoured by industry.

Though the figures vary according to the efficiency of the company, up to 7.5 gallons of water are used to make one pound of soap; 667 gallons for a ton of glass bottles; 16,000 gallons to produce one automobile.

The remaining 45 percent of the water used goes for agriculture.

Why so much?

You might wonder.

In addition to the water plants themselves use, they release into the atmosphere tremendous quantities of water each day; an average tree about 50 gallons; an acre of corn‘ some 4,000 gallons.

More and more, people are being awakened to the water problem.

The liquid they so long received in unlimited quantities at a low cost is, in an increasing number of places, becoming more costly to obtain.

What they took for granted has become a commodity in limited supply and carrying a price tag.

Look at any statistics, ponder any tables, and you can’t escape the conclusion that our No. 1 resource problem is water.

What are the main causes of the water shortage problem?

Water pollution.

It should not be concluded, though, that there just is not enough water to meet the demand; that is not so.

The main causes of water shortage problem as “rather a case of infinitely poor management.”

A major difficulty in the supply of suitable water for many areas is the fact that the water that is available is polluted.

The water is there, but humans have spoiled it, contaminated it to the extent that it is unpleasant and unhealthful to drink without first being put through a costly purification treatment.

For; example, while New York City struggles with a water shortage, the mighty Hudson River flows along its side.

Every second a million gallons of water sweep past the city into the Atlantic Ocean.

But the Hudson’s high degree of contamination has discouraged its use by New York City as a source of fresh water.

In ancient times towns and villages were often built by rivers so a supply of water would be readily available.

With growth and progress the towns and cities became cleaner and more sanitary at the expense of the waterways.

Sewage slowly polluted the water supply.

Once Londoners could fish for salmon in the Thames River.

By 1823 pollution had forced the salmon 'to abandon the river; yet it continued to be used as a source of drinking water.

Little wonder that London suffered a number of severe cholera epidemics.

This contamination of rivers by sewage has continued to be a problem down to our day, causing many cities to abandon nearby rivers as sources of their fresh water.

While sewage is a contributor to the pollution, and thus to the water shortage, we cannot overlook industrial and agricultural pollution.

Many industries discharge into nearby waterways tons of chemicals and industrial wastes.

In addition they pump out of the rivers fresh water and return it as heated, contaminated water destructive to life.

A UNESCO report observed:

Even one thirtieth of an ounce of oil products can make 200 gallons of water sufficiently poisonous to kill aquatic life and unfit for domestic uses.”

Agriculture shares responsibility for pollution as pesticides are washed into the rivers.

The contamination thus caused is so pronounced that even the seas around Britain and European countries are being affected.

How to deal with water shortage problem?

Picture of the Ruhr river.

The problem is not hopeless!

The waterways and water supplies of the world can be restored to a condition where they will help ease the water shortage.

This has been successfully demonstrated in the populous, industrialized Ruhr area in Germany.

Even though the Ruhr River is threatened by the sewage of millions of people and the wastes from coal mines, steel mills and other industries, it is the cleanest major waterway in West Germany.

The key to success in the Ruhr is an association called the Ruhrverband.

Every industry and community using Ruhr water must be a member.

Simply stated, the principle on which the organization operates is: If you pollute the water, you must pay to purify it.

The more you pollute, the more you pay!

Understandably, in order to minimize their use of water, many factories have re-circulation systems, using water over again instead of quickly pumping it back into the river.

Consequently, some mills that once used 130 cubic yards of water to produce a ton of steel now use only 2.6 cubic yards.

Because of this campaign against pollution, the Ruhr River supplies drinking water for some three million people.

Encouraging steps are also being taken in some areas to eliminate the contamination resulting from sewage.

For years many communities shirked their responsibility to keep the water supplies pure because they felt that the problem was not theirs.

They reasoned:

Why should we go to the expense of installing efficient sewage treatment plants when the other towns on the river do not?’

As a result, the garbage from one city floated to the doorstep of the next one down the stream.

With the growing awareness of the potential water supply available from rivers, communities are taking action.

More and more of them are installing or improving their plants for the treatment of sewage.

In addition to being a method of eliminating pollution in the rivers, proper treatment of human wastes can help relieve the water shortage in another way.

Since sewage is mainly water, why not reclaim the water and put it to use?

At first the idea might seem repugnant, but so is the thought of having no water.

One water expert commented:

Sewage actually is 99 percent plain water. All the pollutants in it amount to less than 1 percent. . . .We have the processes for removing that 1 percent-leaving water purer than when it came from nature.”

Demonstrating the feasibility of this process, one arid town in the United States puts to use the liquid effluent of a standard sewage treatment.

After being given further chemical purification and then filtered, the water is used to fill public ponds.

The people of the community happily swim and fish in this reclaimed water.

After their normal water supply failed, 10,000 residents of another town lived for several months on such reclaimed water.

Even if the water from a sewage plant is not purified to the extent that it is safe to drink, it can be put to good use.

In an experiment at one university, instead of pumping the effluent into a pond or stream, the water was sprayed over trees and land.

What was the result?

The mineral rich water increased the yield from corn and hay crops 300 percent.

Another benefit gained from this use of reclaimed water was that it substantially decreased the yearly drop in the local water table, the underground water supply in the earth.

One major city is lessening its water shortage problem by using the ground as both a filter and a storage area.

Water from its sewage disposal plants and excess water available during the winter is allowed to seep into the earth.

This purifies the reclaimed water and holds it until it is needed; then the clean water is simply pumped out.

In effect the ground becomes a water bank.

What else is being done?

Scientists, realizing that some farms use over a million gallons of water to irrigate each acre of land for a growing season, have been seeking to decrease the amount of fresh water used for agriculture.

Water that is not good to drink may be line for irrigation.

In Israel an experimental garden has been grown using only seawater.

Other experiments have shown that certain vegetables, such as beets, kale and spinach, can be grown on brackish water.

Of course, such water would not be suitable for all crops.

Even the past is helping the present in its water crisis.

In his book Rivers in the Desert archaeologist Nelson Glueck stated about the ancient Nabataeans:

They sought out drops of moisture with the same eagerness that hunters display when stalking game. . . . Their endless effort, crowned more often than not by success, was to make wheat or barley or grapevines grow where none had even been planted before and to tap or to collect supplies of water where none was known previously to exist.”

Today farmers in Israel employ Nabataean methods, such as conserving ‘run off’ water, to grow crops successfully in normally desert areas.

Much has been said recently that might give persons the idea that the solution to the water shortage problem rests in developing economical methods of desalting ocean water.

For example, one proposed atomic-powered desalination plant would turn out up to 150 million gallons of fresh water a day, enough to supply a city of 750,000.

But a noted water scientist at Harvard University remarked:

"If the oceans were all fresh water, it still wouldn’t solve the problem."

There would remain the difficulty of transporting it to distant inland areas.

Pumping costs alone would render such sources as prohibitive for large-scale irrigation.

So while desalination might be a partial answer for places having little or no potable water, for the majority of lands the cheapest solution rests in conservative and sensible use of existing water.

'There is a saying, ‘Tall oaks from little acorns grow.’

In principle that also applies to the water problem.

While the water one individual or one family saves will not solve a country’s water problem, it is a step in the right direction.

Besides, it is a good lesson in economy.

For instance, think of how much water would be conserved if persons did not let the faucet water run until it got cold.

Why not, instead, keep a container of water in the refrigerator?

Do you fill the glass with water even when you want only a sip?

After you finish washing vegetables, could you use the water on some nearby potted plants or the flowers outside the window?

Do you leave the water running while you wash each dish individually, or till a container and use the same water for many dishes?

A great quantity of water could be saved if each person exercised more care in his daily use of this precious commodity.

Just as the water shortage has different causes in different places, so it is that there is no one universal solution to the problem.

Nature has seen to it that there is fresh water available for humans, but humans must see to it that they treat with respect.

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How to be a fun dad?

Father and child having fun.

Fathers are often completely surprised at the pleasure and enjoyment they receive from playing with their children.

But why should they be?

Is this not natural?

The value of such warm, close companionship and fun sharing during a child’s formative years should never be underestimated, for its contributions for good are great.

Fatherhood not only calls for love, integrity, courage and knowledge, but also requires a sharing of these qualities daily with those who depend on the father for their future.

Obviously, dad cannot be a real father, unless, of course, he is at home in body and mind.

When he is, it is then that he is happiest.

Father fun time with kids


Father and child on a swing.

But what can fathers do to enjoy their children?

And where will a hardworking father 'find the time for such activity'?

There are 168 hours in a week for each of us.

The average man spends about 40 of them at his secular work.

Allow another 20 hours for traveling time and lunch.

Then set l aside 56 hours, eight each ; night, for sleep. 

That adds up 4 to 116 hours, which leaves father 52 hours for eating, relaxing, or whatever else he wants to do.

Surely in those 52 hours should be able to set aside some time to be with his children.

But how many do it?

Not many.

Some father retort, "What can l do ?" l'm too old to play with children."

But playing with children is the very thing that keeps a man’s spirit from growing old.

And as for things to do, there are aplenty.

For example, there are games fathers can play with their children.

These can be played during mealtime, at bedtime or on weekends.

Some can be played while riding in a car, others while taking a walk.

The game “Chain Geography,” for instance, can be played using names of places.

A player begins by naming a country, territory, city, sea, river or something similar.

The other player then has to come up with another name that starts with the last letter of the preceding word.

Children and adults find this game great fun.

Another game is one in which a letter is called out and others add to the letter until a word is spelled or they add to it without spelling a word.

For instance, father may say H, Junior O, mother L. 

Now if sister were to say Y or E or D that would spell a word and she would either win or lose depending on how the game was played.

Quiz games are also enjoyable.

Father starts off saying, “I’m thinking of someone,” or, “I’m thinking of something.”

The children will try to find out what he is thinking, in twenty questions or less.

Or son will say, “Dad, you’re ‘it.’ ”

Now father must try to find out what “it” is.

So he will ask, “Where do I live? Do I build nests? Can I swim?”

The game continues until the other player guesses who he is or gives up.

There seems to be a game for every mood and moment.

Children enjoy playing checkers and become very adept too.

To turn checkers into a quick-moving romp try playing “give-away.”

The player tries to get rid of all his checkers as quickly as possible.

The first to do so is the winner.

Scrabble and anagrams test spelling and vocabulary.

Dominoes emphasize number adding and matching.

Chinese checkers is a game of jumping but not taking.

There are games to play with pencil and paper and games to play with other equipment.

Father may not think so, but when junior is sick in bed, a few moments of dad’s attention is some of the best medicine in the world.

When visiting with son bring along an old camera or clock and spend a few minutes tinkering with it together.

It is always good to spring some new riddle or story or some mental teaser.

Children never seem to get enough of these.

And if sister is in bed, try putting a jigsaw puzzle together with her or work a simple crossword puzzle

These things mean a lot to children and parents.

Having fun outdoors

Father and daughter hiking.

Most children like to play outdoor games with father.

Playing catch with a ball, hiking or climbing a hill are always great fun.

If you live near the seashore, go shell hunting with your children.

Teach them to listen to the surf roll in.

Sit in the pitch darkness of the night and thrill at the sight of the moon rise.

Observe its silvery reflections and dark shadows.

Watch sunrises and sunsets with them.

The memory of such scenes, photographed on the child’s mind, will mean more to him in manhood than many hour lectures on nature and good behavior.

A child’s world is fresh, new and exciting.

Here is a father’s chance to relive and recapture through the eyes of a growing child some of that excitement he once knew.

For a child to appreciate and wonder nature it needs the companionship of an adult who is willing to share his knowledge and experience.

If a father allows himself this experience he will rediscover a joy often lost to men of age.

Exploring nature with your child is deeply rewarding.

This is not a huge project; rather, it is a matter of becoming receptive to and aware of what lies around you.

For no matter where you live there are clouds and stars, the beauties of the dawn and the twilight.

If you train your child to appreciate things through all his senses, you will be keeping your own appreciation alive.

The sand grains of the seashore mean more to him if he sees them run through his fingers or looks at them under a magnifying glass.

He will not forget moss if he feels its velvety surface.

Have him distinguish the different fragrances as he walks with you through the forest.

Have him sniff seaweeds, iishes and salt water.

Train him so he can tell their separate odors.

Has he come to appreciate the smell of new mown hay or grass after a warm summer rain?

Has he tasted clover blossoms, wild grapes and blackberries?

To watch him thrill as you lead him through every new experience of life will bring joy to your heart.

Hearing too requires conscious cultivation.

Some children pass through life with out hearing the dawn chorus of the birds in the spring.

Never let this happen to your children.

Wake them up some morning and have them watch with you the daybreak.

The experiences of predawn are unforgettable.

The soft sounds of the wind, the happy ripple of a brook and the songs of birds are some of the never-to be forgotten sounds.

Someday hold your boy’s hand as together you watch a thunderstorm.

He will sense your fearlessness and learn courage thereby.

When he is around, look at things and speak of them with appreciation and keen interest, and he will learn to wonder and appreciate the world he lives in.

In such companionship your child will find joy and you will find inner contentment and a renewed excitement in living.

Having fun indoors

Father and son playing table tennis indoors.

Fathers can enjoy their children indoors as well as outdoors.

One way is by teaching them to become collectors of things.

Persons who collect things are unusually happy, because they live in so many places; that is, their imagination sweeps the wide world wherever things are found.

Some collect stamps and coins, others gather unusual shells, stones, leaves and flowers.

Collectors always have something in common to talk about.

Can’t you just see Junior’s excitement when he sees father?

“Dad! Guess what I have found!”

And away they go happily engrossed in conversation, discussing junior’s recent find.

Collections mean display cases and labeling.

The cases become filled with a variety of lovely flowers, shells and rocks.

Theirs is a miniature family museum.

These things will make them think of the places they have visited, things they have seen and the people they have met.

The coins and stamps they collect will remind them of faraway people and strange customs.

Fathers find delight in teaching children how to grow plants and flowers inside the home.

Children thrill in watching things grow.

Home aquariums and terrariums never cease to amuse both father and son.

Fish and underwater plant life are fascinating to watch.

In terrariums pet rabbits and turtles are kept.

Vegetable gardens are fine if there is a backyard.

Children will take a keen interest in gardening if parents will.

Home grown radishes, carrots, peas, beans and tomatoes always add new excitement to the dinner table. 

Display cases, flower boxes, terrariums and aquariums may also make you want to have a workshop.

Designing and creating things for home use are things children never forget.

While the workshop is a place of serious business, it is a marvelous place to teach children the value of tools, the need to keep them clean and in their proper places.

Junior can help in making snack trays or a bulletin board for the home.

Let him observe and help you make a wastepaper basket for the kitchen, or shelves for your cases.

Train him so he can make his own pencil holder and magazine rack.

Have him assist you whenever possible. 

His joy will be your great reward.

According to your own abilities, you can teach him to work with wood, leather, plastics, cork, aluminum, ceramic clay, cloth or copper.

Train him to use a saw, how to hammer, carve and whittle, grind and polish, bake clay, draw and paint.

While instructing him your own skills will be kept alive.

Yours will be the greater joy for having trained someone you love.

Having fun on when learning 

Father and child touring.

“Hey, Dad,. how about going somewhere?”

“Okay,” says father, “where shall we go?”

“Anyplace.”

But anyplace will never do.

Take the children to some specific place that they will remember.

While children never seem to tire of zoos and museums, of merry go-rounds and picnics, there is no need to go repeatedly to these places.

Why not take them to a paper mill or a newspaper publishing plant on occasion?

Let them see firsthand how paper is made and how newspapers are printed.

Children like ice cream and chocolate, so why not take them to ice-cream and chocolate factories?

A trip to the airport, a tour of an automobile factory, a visit to the city library, will enlarge their appreciation and better equip them for later life.

Spend a weekend on a poultry or dairy farm or visit a soda bottling plant.

A trip to the courthouse, a few hours at a trial and a tour of the city jail may teach children greater appreciation for law and order.

A few hours at a children’s hospital may make them aware of caring for their health and the need to be more careful and sympathetic toward others.

Is there a flower festival in town, an auto show, maybe a county or state fair nearby?

Any of these would be a joy to children.

There is no end of things that can be done without making repeated trips to the zoo or museum or simply watching television.

Talking, reading and singing together

Children love to know what father did when he was their age.

How did he have fun?

Where did he go?

What books did he read?

How did he meet mother?

So talk to them.

They enjoy dad’s getting them ready for bed and his few words with them until they fall asleep. 

The bedtime custom in many homes is for the father to read a chapter or two of the book aloud to his children before going to bed.

Some families sit in a circle.

Father will read a page, then mother, then each of the children will take turns in reading.

Every now and then the family will have a little songfest of their own.

They sing folk songs and some of the old time favorites.

Karaoke music, with everybody making gestures to suit the words, is always lots of fun.

Sometimes father can watch movies at home with his family.

Films are stocked with comedy, nature and instructive shorts on just about any subject you can name.

A father’s life does not have to be boring.

There are plenty of things for him to do that would add spice to his life, if he would but reach out and do them.

They are essential foods for a happy family life.

For some of the most profound satisfactions in a father’s life arise, not so much from his success in the business world as from his being truly a father to his children.

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Benefits and disadvantages of working at sea

Working at sea.

Why would anyone want to be working at sea ?

On the other hand, seafarers often ask, why would any person want to work in a factory or an office entombed away from the refreshing beauties of the great outdoors?

Why would anyone want to be a subway train conductor or work in a mine where he must forego the fresh air and sunlight of the great outdoors?

Questions such as these serve to highlight the difference of ideas that people have on the subject of employment.

On the surface of things the seafarer's lot may appear infinitely better than that of the person who is forced to sweat life out in a foundry or mine or who is obliged from day to day to face an insatiable public in a store or shop.

But every experienced seafarer knows that appearances are extremely deceiving, that life itself, whether on land or at sea, is not to be judged by appearances.

The reasoning person search should be for truth.

Behind the thinking of the young person who is contemplating a life at sea there may very well be visions of exotic lands, a life of ease with good pay, free of weighty responsibilities and loaded with adventure.

Any seafarer worth his salt will tell you that those are dreams, and dreams, while they may contain some truth, usually differ drastically from the stark realities.

This is not to say that life at sea does not have its good points, for it does.

Sea life can have its adventurous interludes.

The sea itself fills men with awe and wonder, and some of the port cities are among the most fascinating in the world.

Nevertheless, what we want to do is equate sea life with the facts.

The person behind a desk in some office in a large city may be prone to envision sea life in glowing romantic terms, perhaps as an escape from tight schedules, traffic jams, carbon monoxide gases or a nagging wife.

The young person in the factory may regard life at sea as a haven from the dreaded monotony.

Of the production line, and the farmer boy may see this life as a flight from boring chores.

While all of those outlooks might lead people to the sea, none of them reflect an honest appraisal of sea life.

For at sea there are schedules to be met and boring chores just as there are on land.

Rewards and fears

Enjoying sea waves.

But life at sea does have its rewards.

For example, the hashes of the sun at it's rising and setting make the ocean astonishingly beautiful.

The sounds of the waves are most awesome and varied.

There are the hollow boomings and heavy roarings, great watery tumblings, hissings and seethings, sharp, rifle-shot reports, splashes and whispers.

Every mood of the wind, every change in the weather, every phase of the tide has its own peculiar attraction.

Yet with the various tinges of the sea, the polar lights in the north and in the south, the myriads of stars and meteors, still these natural wonders are no more influential toward making a seafarer a good person than the sight of a rising sun or beaming stars is to a factory worker on vacation.

On land as well as at sea, it is our own attitude that really counts.

There are tranquil and spellbinding moments at sea.

But this is only one side of the story.

What about the other side?

There are also frightening and terrifying realities that are not so widely publicized, and these are as much a part of sea life as a boatswain’s whistle.

There is no denying that sunsets and sunrises are beautiful to behold, but what about the endless days that are buried in bleak wintry gloom, when the raging sea resembles stampeding mountains and the ship struggles to keep from being torn to pieces or from being buried beneath the waves?

Icebergs do reflect a breathtaking brightness against a black sea.

But have you ever been near them in a North Atlantic gale when your ship was tossed and pitched like a feather in a hurricane and your very life and the life of everyone on the ship depended on evading those treacherous masses of ice?

Have you been aboard when the ship’s deck was caked with tons of ice, when waves like angry mountains made each groan sound like the ship’s very last as it plunged in and out of the sea?

During moments like these there is very little that is romantic about sea life.

The office worker would welcome the sight of an office, and the boy, his father’s farm.


The demands and dangers

Picture of a shipwreck.

Have you ever considered how demanding and dangerous sea life can be?

At times the seafarer must face unbearable humidity, violent winds, solar radiation, frequent changes of climate, insufficient sleep, poisoning effects of the cargoes by development of gases and the so-called “metalplate disease” (a harmful effect on man caused by fields of terrestrial magnetism acting on iron pieces of the ship).

Add to this the fact that by long tradition the captain has the final say on matters.

Woe betide the seafarer who runs afoul of the ship’s master.

Every year some ship vessels disappear at sea.

These mysterious losses involve some crew members also.

Of course, there are disasters on land, too, mine disasters, explosions and other industrial accidents. 

But at least land disasters can be analyzed and steps taken to avoid repetition.

What can be done about ships that are mysteriously swallowed up by the sea?

Why, then, the sea?

Attracted to sea work.

A seafarer’s life, perhaps, can best be described as an isolating experience.

It is a life confined in a vessel of cold steel, which rocks and rolls, pitches and tosses, sways and vibrates.

It is often a life of deep loneliness, agonizing solitude and frequent hours of absolute boredom.

Wrote one ship commander after years at sea:

“I remember only one man who walked his deck with a springy step, and gave the first course of the passage in an elated voice. But he, as I learned afterwards, was leaving nothing behind him, except a welter of debts and threats of legal proceedings.”

This is not to say that there are no exceptions to the rule, for there are, but not many.

There are seafarer who say that the water is their element.

These men boast that for them really to feel at home is for them to live on the ocean waves.

Some old-timers were born at sea, and at sea is where they would prefer to end their days.

Veteran sailors tell us that there are moments at sea when life can be unforgettably beautiful.

It can be a great doctor, say they, for sore hearts and sore heads.

Cares, they feel, seem to be left astern as easily as the light air bubbles in the swirls of the ship’s wake.

Nothing, it appears, but a gale can disturb the orderly serenity of life when all is well at sea.

But these moments must be weighed in the light of all the other factors when considering a life at sea.

Sober reflections

Thinking about sea career.

There are serious considerations to bear in mind.

For example, ask yourself, is a seafarer’s life a life for a family ?

The person might reason that he or she provides well for the family.

But are material considerations the only ones to be met by him?

How much affection can a person shower on his or her while at sea?

How much instruction and direction can one offer them?

The person operating a subway train or working in a mine may be away from his family all day, but he does have an opportunity to come home at night, and his weekends can be spent with the family.

Studies from Norway, Britain and the West Indies, all tend to show that children growing up in split-up families are seriously handicapped in their chances of growing up normally.

When one parent is away, the other parent has to do the work of two; consequently, children suffer.

Consider, too, the moral aspect of such a life and the strain that it places on both the husband and the wife.

Many foreign ports swarm with prostitutes who are only too willing to sell themselves.

And seafarer are singled out as prime targets.

The lack of moral integrity aboard ships, too, is not a hidden secret; also group influence and loneliness-all these factors tend to weaken, corrode and destroy the virtues of even one of high principle.

Marital fidelity and moral integrity do suffer; without question.

The wife may be tempted while the husband is away, and the husband certainly is exposed to temptation.

An upright person would indeed be placing himself and, his high ideals in frightful jeopardy by ignoring these facts of sea life.

Do you want to take such chances with your life?

Throughout the world merchant fleets are expanding, and enticing offers are made to lure young people into that way of life.

Some vessels today are breathlessly beautiful to behold.

Many of them have comfortable quarters.

A number are controlled by automatic instruments, remote control, radar and other complicated electronic devices.

It also may be true that seafarers have much leisure time to study.

According to the Bureau of Naval Personnel, “persons at sea service read a lot more books than the average adult.”

But what is the quality of their reading?

It would be naive to think that people aboard ships are all industriously engaged in constructive pursuits in their spare time.

Such is simply not the case.

A seafarer’s life is a hard life, particularly difficult for a person with a family.

So, think carefully before obligating yourself to a life at sea.

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