A teen browsing internet with his smartphone.

If your son told you he was being pressured by schoolmates to take drugs, what would you do? Or, if your daughter told you the boys at school were bothering her, how would you react?

Surely you would waste no time in doing something about it, would you? You would try to learn the facts and see what you could do to protect your child. That is how you as a parent would usually respond.

But you really know what your children are doing online? Usually, by the time parents find out about such things it is already too late. Far too often, the only reaction is: “How could this happen to my boy (or my girl)?”

Once children are online they can be exposed to hardcore pornography, sexual predators, unhealthy associations and secret dating sites. Potentially all this is at the fingertips of any kid, and that means in the privacy of the bedroom.

All of this emphasizes that the youths of today are involved in a difficult fight. Whether they realize it or not, to come off victorious they need help from mature, experienced people. If you are a parent, are you in position to provide such help for your children?

And are you willing to make the necessary effort to help them? For you to help them you need the right information to be help them. Here is some software which can help you get access to information on what your kids are doing on the computer or smartphone.

SpectorSoft Monitoring software products



SpectorSoft is a company that offers both home and work solutions for computer monitoring. It was founded in 1998 and now has accumulated a clientele of over 36,000 corporate customers and over a million home customers. They have great products to help you effectively monitor your children activities online. Here some of them:

1. Spector Pro



Do you what to see what your kids are doing on Facebook, their online searches, email, web history, chat and messages? Then Spector Pro is the right software for you. It records all those details for you, then you can replay to see what your kids are really doing online. Available for windows or mac. VISIT SITE.

NOTE: Software blocked in the following countries Sudan, North Korea, Cuba, Syria and Iran and offer cannot be accessed through mobile (reason) for ease of filling the details required.

2. Eblaster remotely monitoring software



With this software you can remotely keep track of what you children are doing online whether online or offline. You can receive both scheduled or real time reports to your mobile email inbox, thus making it very easy to monitor your kids computer activity. Available for windows or mac. VISIT SITE.

NOTE: Software blocked in the following countries Sudan, North Korea, Cuba, Syria and Iran and offer cannot be accessed through mobile (reason) for ease of filling the details required.

3. eBaster mobile monitoring and tracking



With this software you can easily track where your children are at any given moment as well as their smartphone activity with Android operating system. The eblaster mobile software can be set to send scheduled reports or real time reports. You can receive all this reports in your email inbox. VISIT SITE.

NOTE: Software blocked in the following countries Sudan, North Korea, Cuba, Syria and Iran and offer cannot be accessed through mobile (reason) for ease of filling the details required.

A young lady stranded in the wild.

It not surprising that you may find yourself stranded in a wilderness far from food stores. A number of things can happen to you that can put you in a situation where your survival depends upon your ability to find food.

Experiencing car break down in desolate places, airplanes crash or force down, unexpected floods or heavy snow, getting lost while hiking, surviving a ship sink and sometimes having to wait for rescue on an unpopulated island and so on.

So the question you should ask yourself, are you so accustomed to convenient foods that you would starve if stranded in the wilderness?


Overcoming the limitation of your diet


A family displaying a wide variety of foods they are accustomed to.

In our modern civilization the problem of getting food from day to day is not as great as it is for people living in primitive conditions. Instead of spending the greater part of everyday roaming about the wilderness looking for something to eat, you spend it at some form of employment that may have no connection with food production. With the money you earn you can go to a nearby food market and buy what you need.

Furthermore, chances are that the foods you eat from day today are rather limited in variety. You probably eat the same few basic things and seek variety by preparing them in different ways, seldom if ever trying an entire new food.

This limitation of your diet may cripple your imagination when you must find something to eat in the wild country. You could very well starve to death with food all around you, because you looked only for things that are customarily eaten in your community.


Insects can save your life


Your survival in a wilderness requires you realize that there are foods there that can keep you alive, although they may be very foreign to your customary diet. If they can provide nourishing sustenance for people of other lands, they can do the same for you. Insects are a high quality protein food and protein is what hungry people need. Here are some examples:

Locusts


Locusts eating vegetation.

In countries of the North Africa and Near East where migratory grasshoppers, known as locusts, abound, this troublesome insect is regarded as a tasty tidbit. The people of a village in southern Tunisia dried and sacked three thousand tons of them during one locust invasion. By grinding and salting dried locusts these locusts became a food reserve that lasted for months. Whether dried, fried or roasted, locusts are very nourishing, minus their wings and legs, of course.


Ants


Ants walking on a wild flower.

A common insect you most likely overlook in a search for food is eaten by people in various parts of the world, especially in topical Africa. This is lowly termite or white ant. It is among the richest of all foods in terms of calories. Analysts have found that there were 561 calories for every 100 grams of this insect.

Ordinary ants are fried and canned by Japanese, who export them to gourmets through the world. Although you may have no intention of becoming a gourmet, ant can help you stay alive in the wilderness. When digging up a nest of ants do not ignore the pupae, larvae and eggs. These too are nourishing.


Bees


Bees sucking nectar from a wild flower.

If there are bees where you are stranded, you have another source of food. Besides the delicious honey that hard working bees manufacture, the bees themselves are highly nutritious, especially baby bees. When prepared for food they resemble breakfast cereal and are reported to have a pleasant, distinctive flavor.

Baby bees contain ten times as much vitamin D as cod liver oil. Like ants, bee larvae and pupae are also nutritious. The larva contains 4 percent fat and 16 percent protein. Both contain twice as much vitamin A as egg yolk. The pupa of the silkworm is also nourishing food.


Silkworm pupae 


Roasted silkworms ready to be sold.

Laboratory studies have shown that silkworm pupae as well as white grubs are satisfactory source of needed protein. Some volunteers who have tasted white grubs have said that the stew was quite appetizing. If the Australian aborigine can include worms in his diet without bad results, you can too if your life is at stake. You may have to adjust your thinking, but that is better than starving to death.


Grubs


A young lady eating a grub worm.

In the forest there are many rotten logs where plump wood grubs can be found. These can be cooked into a stew, using a basin hollowed out of a log. Hot stones dropped into the basin can do the cooking. Because of valuable protein that grubs provide, starving prisoners in a brutal concentration camp have been kept alive by eating worms that may be in the food served by them.


Shipworm


The long fat shipworm that burrows into submerged timbers in the tropical waters is relished by some people. It is not really a worm, although it resembles one. Its relationship is to the oyster and the calm.

Some natives in Thailand plant pieces of soft wood at the mouths of streams so shipworms, or teredos as they are sometimes called, can bore into them. After a time, they raise the wood and eat the fully grown teredos. If you should be stranded in the tropical regions where teredos live, you have another source of food.


Animals and birds


A man who has succeed in hunting and killing a deer.

Wherever you may be stranded there are usually many small creatures that can be hunted. Almost all small animals and birds are edible. In fact, any fur-bearing animal, including monkeys, can be used for food. Your problem, however will be to catch them.

The best time for this is usually at dusk or early morning. Well-placed snares can catch rabbits, squirrels, ground squirrels, beaver, muskrat, and so forth. All can be eaten if there are no signs of disease on them. Birds can be snared during the day or caught after dark while they are roosting. Do not overlook their eggs, as these too make good emergency food.

If you enjoy eating eels, you should have no difficult in drowning a meal of snake flesh. Snakes are edible, whether of the poisonous variety or not. But be careful of the poisonous fang when you remove a snakes head. Also be alert for frogs. Their tasty legs can be added to your menu as well as the hindquarter of lizards.

The bleeding, skinning and cleaning of small creatures should be done at once, being careful not to puncture the bladder or intestines, as that will spoil the meat. Thoroughly cook the meat, especially if you suspect the presence of trichinosis. The best way to do this is to cut into small pieces before you cook.

In the event you succeed snaring a large animal such as a deer, you should bleed and skin it promptly. Excess meat can be preserved for future meals by smoking it. This can be done by erecting a tepee of saplings covered with bough if no cloth is available. After hanging strips of meat in it build a smudge fire of green wood allowing the meat to smoke for several hours. It will then keep for a week or more.


Fish


A man displaying a fish he has caught from a nearby river.

Possibly fish will be one of the first food you will seek if you are stranded near water. Fishhooks can be made from almost anything that will hold its shape under pressure and can be sharpened. Even small bone can be used after being carved in the right shape.

Nets can be fashioned from a handkerchief, a shirt, or even a pair of trousers by tying the legs or hands. These make shift nets can be used to catch minnows in a pond after you have scuffed up mud in the bottom so they cannot see you approach them. The same method can be used for catching larger fish.

Salt water fish can be eaten raw, if necessary, but avoid eating raw fresh-water fish, as they may contain tapeworms. We might also mention that blue or black mussel should not be eaten, as it may contain a poison that is as deadly as strychnine.



Plants


Black and red raspberries in the wild.

If you are stranded you cannot expect to find the same fruits, grains and vegetables you customarily eat, but there are many substitute to be found in wild plant life. The big question is what can be eaten?

The answer can be found by watching what birds and animal eat. Usually what they eat you can eat. Where there are ferns, these too can serve as food. None are poisonous. The fiddle heads at the top of the ferns are nourishing substitute for asparagus or cabbage. You may find the hairs a little bitter, but these can be removed by rubbing the fern under water.

Do not pass by algae that grow on the top of ponds. Although this plant appears rather unappetizing, it is very nutritious. It is estimated that a tablespoon of algae equals the nutritional value of ounce of steak. While its taste may be a little unpleasant to you, it can be improved by an exposure to an overdose of light. This tends to bleach it somewhat and make it more palatable.

You may see mushrooms, but it is usually safer to pass them by. They have little food value and some varieties are poisonous.

As a general rule, in the North Temperate Zone the flowers of practically all plants are edible. You might be interested to know that the flower and the entire plants above ground of nasturtiums are excellent for food. Attractive salads can be made by decorating them with colorful nasturtium blooms.

If you see cattails, add them to your menu. The soft core of the stalk, the young shoots and the root stalks can be boiled or eaten raw. The same can be said of water lilies. The root stalks can be eaten, raw or boiled. The tender stems can be chopped into stew. Although the seedpods are a little bitter, they can be dried and made into flour.

Where there are trees, you can find food on their nuts as well as their barks. The inner bark of such trees aspen, spruce, willow and birch can be eaten. It has been found that the inner bark of the pine tree is especially rich in vitamin C. After scrapping away the coarse outer bark the soft inner bark can be eaten raw, dried or cooked. Thin, green outer bark and white inner one is the best to eat.


Finding water


A small stream flowing in the wilderness.

In almost any wilderness food is abundant if you know how to find it, but there is another physical necessity that is vital for you survival and that is water. Finding it may require you to dig in the gravel bottom of a dry stream or the sandy seashore.

When there is a low forested area along the seashore, fresh water will often rise in a scooped-out hole in the sand if the sea is at low tide. Rain water caught in rocks or stumps is also usable.

The growing tips of plants, leaves and roots contain considerable water as well as the roots of trees in hollows between ridges. The barrel cactus is famous for its ability to store water. So water can be found if you know where to look.


Conclusion


Supplying yourself in a wilderness with food, water, shelter and utensils is a task that can require your full time. To exist there is not easy. It is far different from the city where the necessities of life can be obtained from stores with little effort. Your survival in the wilderness will depend upon your ability to use your ingenuity and willingness to use the food which can be found in the wild.

Picture of a happy single ebony woman.

“Why are you not yet married?” “What are you waiting for?” These questions are asked of many women who are single, sometime teasingly but often out of concern for their future. If you are among the millions of women who are single, you most likely have been confronted with similar questions. They reflect society’s attitude towards a woman being single.

For those who live in lands where women outnumber the men, there is definitely a problem, particularly for those who want to marry but do not seem to be able to find a mate. This may seem to paint a bleak future for those fearful of remaining single.

Although it presents a problem, it does not mean that you are forever barred from a happy and fulfilled life. One’s mental approach to the situation is vital. Each woman has a choice. Either she can make her life miserable by indulging in self-pity and being defensive about her single state or she can appreciate the advantages there are to singleness and make a success of it. Here are some tips that can help you.


Mr. Right and your personality


Among those living in lands where they women are free to choose their own mates, there those who have not yet married because they are waiting for “Mr. Right” to come along. Are you one of these?

Then ask yourself, how do you scrutinize every single man you meet? Are your judgments based solely on appearances such as his height, his weight, his manner of speech or size of his wallet? Is your analysis colored by inflexible ideas as to what you want in a man, with no room for adjustment?

There is nothing wrong with setting standards for yourself, but if you are more concerned with what you will get than what you will give, then you may not be the “Miss Right” for the men you meet. Remember men are also setting standards for themselves. Especially when finding some to marry they are usually seeking a woman on a much deeper level than just physical beauty.

They can notice if a woman is kind, considerate, intelligent, sympathetic and moderate. Such qualities appeal to men whom are seeking a lifetime partner. However, if a woman is domineering, bossy, too aggressive or too fussy, she can drive men far from her and chances of her being alone are much greater. How can you then develop the right qualities?


Developing marriageable traits


Even if you consider yourself to be of good personality, there is always room for improvement. Quiet observation is an excellent teacher. Perhaps you have a happily married friend. Have you noticed how she builds him with her compliments and shows him deep respect?

Have you observed how she directs the love and attention of her children and husband rather than herself thus cementing the family together? She has learned that in giving she reaps the greater reward and these qualities never go unnoticed.

You do not have to have a husband to cultivate these traits. You can develop them by practicing on those with whom you live. You can show deep respect and kindness to your father or brothers. Consideration and sympathy shown to you father or brothers often improves relations with them.

If a girl has a condescending attitude towards her younger brothers she may find that she treats other men the same way and may damage even the most promising friendship. Remember men of all ages notice and respond to women with pleasing personalities.

Indeed developing these qualities is of course no guarantee that you will find a mate, but can anyone one truthfully say that the time was wasted? Certainly not! It is the right thing to do. By so doing, you can learn to enjoy your single state and your chances of being happy when you do marry will be that much greater.

If the right person should fail to come along, you need not have fear of being alone. If you display a warmth attitude towards others and clothe it with genuine interest in those who you meet, people will be drawn to you and will want to include you among their closest friends.


Choice of recreation


When it comes to recreation, a single person can add to their happiness or undermine it. If you saturate your mind with only love stories from books, magazines, movies, you will only stimulate feelings of insecurity. It would be more productive to spend your leisure time with up building literature or entertainment and then real satisfaction will result.

You have to be honest with yourself. You should know what will build your self-esteem and what will tend to cause its deterioration. It is obvious that singleness does not need to mean loneliness. There is much that can be done to fill those empty hours.

But first there has to be a realization that happiness comes, not merely from another person or from possessions but it starts within ourselves. It is our approach to life’s problems that will determine the success or failure with which we meet those problems. 


Make success of your current singleness


It makes little difference whether your singleness is self-imposed or forced by one by circumstances, your life is by no means over. You possess, for one thing the asset of time. We all have it to spend in varying degrees but for a single person there is often more free time to waste or to use wisely.

You can use the time at your disposal to further your education. This in turn may open up the way for progression in your career or profession. Maintain a positive attitude towards your life. If you do so you will not only win the respect of others, but more importantly, maintain your own self-respect.

In facing life alone, do not withdraw into a shell of self-pity. Recognize that even if you would prefer to get married, you now have certain blessings. These include privacy, time to cultivate talents and fields of interest, freedom to make your own decisions and opportunities to widen the borders of your friendships and to do good for others.

Understandably find company of those who will show respect for you way of life rather than forever expressing concern over fact you are still single. Can you make a success of your singleness? Can you enjoy life even if you are single? Do you appreciate the opportunities offered by your singleness? The answer to each of these questions can be yes. It depends on you.

An angry couple apathetic to each other.

Although the disappearance of the family may seem unlikely, there is no question that our generation has seen much deterioration in the relationships between spouses. Each spouse does things in his or her own way, showing little concern for the interest of the other.

This indifferent attitude is contributing to the ruining of many homes. Since apathy is a major factor in the breakdown of marriages, you will want to be on guard to keep it from ruining your marriage.


Are you an apathetic husband?


To begin with, you will want to examine your attitude towards your wife and home. It is easy for a husband who has many responsibilities to become thoughtless and take his wife and the things she does for him for granted.

The commonest story known on the subject of unhappy marriages is the wife who feels neglected by her husband and becomes a willing listener to someone who assures her that she deserves a better life. This certainly emphasizes the importance of showing interest in your wife.

You may feel that you do by providing her with her financial needs, but more is needed. You need to spend time with her and do little things to give her the assurance that you really care. Failure to do so has started the rift that has ruined millions of homes.

Consider a typical example of an attractive 26 year old wife who felt her husband no longer loved her, even though he provided well for her materially:

“To begin with,” she explained, “he has never once told me he loved me since the first month of our marriage. In the early days he used to . . . he’d never leave home without holding me a moment or two and kiss me good-bye.

When he’d come back it was always a big bear hug and kiss. He used to open doors for me and carry in the heavy groceries, notice my clothes and comment on how nice they looked. But now he doesn’t even know when to kiss me and never really looks at me at all. Shortly after we were married, it like I just ceased to exist except when he wants me sexually”

Although his husband may have felt he really did love his wife, his indifference was killing their marriage, even without him realizing it. This may be something for you to consider. Is preoccupation with your own affairs and failing to think about the interest of your wife having a similar effect on your marriage? If so, what can you do about it?


What husbands can do


Think how you originally won the heart of your wife so that she wanted to spend the rest of her days with you. Was it not by taking an interest in her, taking into consideration what she enjoyed doing and doing those things with her?

You probably made an effort to carry on an interesting conversation with her, is that not so? Very likely you were very keen to notice her appearance be it her hairdo, dress or simply how attractive she looked and did not hesitate to compliments her.

Furthermore, it is likely that from time to time you gave her little gifts as tokens of affection. Yes it was this concern, attention and doing things together that made for the pleasant relationship the two of you enjoyed.

Is there any reason why you cannot continue to show a similar interest now, even if it is many years since your marriage? There really is not. It simply means that you will again have to make a conscious effort to do so.

So look for opportunities to show love for your wife, not only by endearing words but by little things you can do for her. Show interest in what she has done or notice the little changes she makes and compliment her. Be considerate of her feelings and problems. For example, if something comes up and you will be late, be thoughtful enough to notify her so that she can plan accordingly.

Rather than thinking in terms of just yourself and what you want to do, think in terms of two. Do not always be going off by yourself fishing, plopping yourself in front of a screen oblivious to everything else. Instead, be on the lookout for activities that the two of you can enjoy together.

The more things you enjoy in common, the greater likelihood there is that the two of you will be happy.


How to avoid being an apathetic wife?


It is not unusual for women to complain, “My husband doesn’t take an interest in me anymore, he is hardly ever at home and when he is, he makes no effort to talk to me.” Have you ever voiced a similar complaint, or at least felt like doing so?

Instead of immediately blaming your husband, it would be wise to consider whether you have been indifferent towards his wishes and feelings, rather than giving him the respect due to him. Perhaps your indifference has been responsible for his attitude.

For instance, what do you look like when you are with him at home? Is your hair still up in curlers, your face unwashed and in an old robe or sloppy dress? Now think: Would your husband have continued to call on you before you were married if you gave such little attention to your appearance? If he would not, why are you so indifferent now?

It is natural that your husband should want you to look attractive. So be sensitive to his wishes and respect them. Be observant of his reactions. It simply does not make sense for a woman who has married a man to feel that she can now let herself go, become sloppy and perhaps succumb to her appetite and expand all out of proportion. If you care about your appearance, your husband probably will also. It will be an encouragement for him to spend his evenings with you.

Another chief complain of women is that their husbands do not talk with them. However, the reason may be due to their apathetic attitude, as one woman clearly noted. She says, “The real reason why men don’t talk to their wife’s is simply that we’re such poor listeners.”

Is this true of yourself? When your husband speaks, do you butt in, leaf a magazine or have your ear tuned into some other matter? Failure to show genuine interest in his opinions and feelings is certainly not exhibiting deep respect. Instead, it discourages him from talking with you beyond the essential exchanges of perhaps, “Pass the butter please.”

Your interest can be a tremendous help to your husband. The problems of the day may be on his mind and an understanding ear can be a sounding board for his thoughts. It will help him to see things in their true perspective and perhaps you intuition may provide a ray of light on the matter.

However, you need to have empathy as well as discerning the time to speak and when to be quiet and listen. By attentiveness and genuine interest you can build up your husband, giving him assurance and confidence. This will serve to bring the two of you closer together.


Conclusion


If both of you take an active interest in each other – the husband showing love and concern for his wife and the wife exhibiting respect for her husband – you can be confident that apathy will not ruin your marriage.

A lady who is lost in the wilderness.

A man was stranded in a desolate part of the Arizona desert without food or water. He was days away from help. Could he survive? It took him eight days to reach help. He traveled some 150 miles (241 kilometers), much of it during the hottest part of the day with temperatures up to 120° F. (49° C.).

The last few miles he crawled completely naked. The heat and lack of water so dehydrated him that he lost 25 percent of his weight, though a 10-percent loss is often fatal. When rescued, his blood was so thick that the lacerations on his hands and knees did not even bleed until he had taken in a lot of water.

What do you conclude from this experience? Does it show that if you have the ‘will to live’ you can survive almost anything? Well, after relating it, a book on survival training observed: “He had done nothing right, had no survival training. But he wanted to survive and he did survive . . . You will encounter other stories of equally harrowing experiences . . . Don’t accept them as advice.” Why not?

Because examples of those who have survived on nothing but willpower should be measured in the light of all those persons who have not survived, but who could have, had they acted differently. But why should you be bothered with such matters?


Any of us can get lost


A woman who is lost in the wild country.

Most people who live in cities and towns do not appreciate that there are vast areas on the earth where a simple automobile breakdown, small accident or wrong turn can spell death. This could happen in the jungles of the Amazon or on the frozen tundras of Alaska, but it sometimes happens in countries that are well populated.

From time to time, persons have gotten lost in the countryside and died. What usually causes these people to die is ignorance of how to survive in the wild country. Had they followed a few basic survival principles they would likely be alive today.

Take note! This is a matter that involves you. Why? Because it is quite likely that such unnecessary deaths occur also in your land, perhaps even in areas where you drive on vacation or take a hike.


Becoming Lost on Foot


A young man who is lost in the middle of a forest.

Have you ever gone for a walk in the country and gotten lost for a time? Or has your car broken down and left you stranded on a deserted road far from civilization? If that has not yet happened, you must face the fact that it could. What should you do?

The very first thing is not to panic. The feeling of being lost is a very real one, and it can make you afraid. Control this, and then sit down and think about your predicament. Definitely do not go rushing off in haste. You will only expend your energy and time, which are both vital for survival.

You are faced with the decision of whether you should stay where you are or you should travel. If making important decisions is normally difficult, it is even more so when your life may hinge on what you decide. But if ever you are in need of making a proper decision, this is the occasion. When it comes to keeping yourself alive, survival is one thing that you want to do right the first time, is it not?

Consider, are you in a location where you are reasonably sure that you soon will be found, perhaps by a passing motorist? If so, it is better for you to remain there than to head out across the countryside where no one would even expect you to be.

Perhaps you conclude, though, that you will definitely not be found or survive where you are. But before you try to ‘walk out of it,’ ask yourself: ‘Am I sure of exactly where I am now? And am I certain of where and how I can reach food, water, shelter and help?’ Such advance thinking will help to prevent you from just striking off in some chance direction.

Also, think over these factors: What about food and water as I travel? At what time during the day will I travel, and what about rest? Is there some gear available that I can take along without burdening myself down?

This final matter is important, for you may have a few things on you or in your car, such as a small knife, some cord and cloth to make a covering, matches to start a fire, that can help you to keep alive in the country.

Don’t discard your clothing. Properly used it can keep you either warm or cool, as well as protect you from wind, sun and insects. And before you depart, leave indication of when you left and in which direction you headed.  If by chance it is found, it will help rescuers to locate you.


In what direction should you move?


A greenbelt forest preserve map of Maryland.

If you can determine from a map in your disabled car or if you know from experience or from landmarks just where you now are, then the question is where do you want to head?

Try to determine the nearest rescue point or location where you can find help. So, in what overall direction will you have to travel? Perhaps it is due west, or maybe it is northwest, that is, halfway between west and north.

Now, orient yourself. While there are more exact methods involving latitude, the most elementary way is by finding the four points of the compass using the sun. It rises in the east and sets in the west.

At night, you can use the moon as a guide. It basically rises in the east and sets in the west, varying only a few points of the compass according to the time of the season. So you can use it as a rough guide to get relative bearings.

You can also use the stars at night. In the southern hemisphere, such as in southern Africa, the Southern Cross points from true south. If you are in the northern hemisphere, locate the Big Dipper.

Note the two stars on the outer edge. By drawing an imaginary line up through these, you will locate Polaris, also called the North Star. You can figure it to be due north and orient yourself accordingly.

Once you have firmly fixed the compass points, you will know in which direction to strike out to reach the nearest main road, town or railway line.

But keep this in mind: Some men who died near Ghanzi in the Kalahari Desert knew that there was a main road close by. They also knew in which direction the town of Ghanzi lay, but they failed to find either. Why? Because they could not walk in a straight line. Why is this important?


Walking in a Straight Line


A middle age woman walking in the middle of forest.

This is always difficult because usually one of your legs is shorter than the other and will be inclined to push you off course without your being aware of it. In many cases, newcomers to the country have walked in complete circles within a few kilometers.

It therefore helps to take a bearing on some prominent object in the distance such as a large tree or a mountain. Even in the flattest of country there probably will be some object in the distance that stands out.

You could climb a tree or (in Africa) an anthill to find one. (If you are traveling during the night, use a bright star near the horizon.) Walk with your eye on the object. Every few kilometers check your bearings to make sure you are still going in the right direction.

Does it mean you will always have to walk in an absolutely straight line? That is not necessarily so. While it is true that the object toward which you are heading should be in a straight compass line, and you should keep it in sight, it is good to follow the easiest route to reach it.

The straightest course may be across a huge marsh or a series of ponds. So curving around obstacles may get you to the object quicker and less exhausted. Following a game trail is often wise, if it heads you somewhat toward the object that is your goal. If you can keep the object in sight while taking the easier curved route, you can correct your course as you get closer to it.


Conserving Energy


A teen girl who is resting in the middle of the forest to conserve energy.

When the cross-country trip is long or difficult, you should keep in mind the conserving of energy. What good is it going to do you to know exactly where you are going only to collapse before you get there? As a general rule, if you do not have plenty of water, never walk during the heat of the day unless it is absolutely essential.

 Rather, spend that time resting, in the shade if it is available. Travel during the morning and late afternoon when it is cooler. If the day is extremely hot and you can maintain the right direction, travel by night.

By remaining inactive during the heat of the day, you conserve energy and moisture. Dehydration can spell death, and is experienced faster in the heat of the day. Suck a small pebble or chew a leaf to keep your mouth moist.

And in extreme heat or cold, ‘Keep your mouth closed’ is good advice. When talking to yourself, singing or breathing through your mouth, you use up more precious moisture than when you breathe through your nose. If your water supply is low, it is sensible to cut down on your food intake, for your body must use extra water to carry off food wastes.


Finding Water


A water pond in the wilderness.

Though you may be able to get along for days or weeks without food, you cannot live very long without water. So water may be your first and most vital need. Take with you what you can, as well as a container for when you find water.

Various signs give indications of water’s being near. The flight of a honeybee, the presence of doves and weavers or a green strip of trees in the distance likely indicate a river or a pond.

If the ground is dry, dig in the sand near vegetation and you will often find water. Select the biggest patch of sand upstream from a natural dike, like an outcrop of rocks, and you may find water trapped in the sand below. But don’t waste your time and energy digging for water unless there is some sign that it is present.


Finding Native Communities


Local natives in traditional clothes.

In the countryside where you are lost, it might be that you will be able to find nearby the dwellings of local people. This may be done by following any well-used footpaths; they always lead somewhere, such as to or from water, to grain fields or to homes.

Rural people are usually kind and humble and will provide a stranger with water and some food. And they may be able to help you to communicate with your family, or with the authorities who can help you.


Sleeping in the wild


A lady sleeping on the grass.

If you are lost in the country without shelter and there are wild animals about, the safest place to sleep may be in a tree. This can be more comfortable than you expect.

Relax and be determined to make the best of your situation. You are lost. You are walking in the right direction. But now it is dark and there are wild animals about. So, select a tree and build a platform in it. You can do this with the branches of smaller trees, using bark to bind them together and packing the platform with twigs or with plenty of leaves to make it comfortable.

Where there are no trees you can, if you have matches, light a fire. A fire should scare off wild animals; also it may be seen by rescuers, and at least it will keep you warm. Another means to keep warm and protected from the wind is sleeping in an empty ditch.

Or you could construct on the ground a cone-type wigwam or shelter made of branches and bushes. This is often done by Africans traveling in the country.


Conclusion


There are many potential dangers in the country, depending on where you are lost. It is true that experience can best teach you how to survive until help arrives. But even just reading and thinking about basic survival techniques can be a real asset.

The main thing when one is lost or marooned is to remain calm and controlled. Then observe your surroundings and move according to this observation and good sense.

Students in a riot beat up an innocent man.

In steadily growing numbers, youths are turning their hands to crime of every kind. This may include smuggling, burglary, car theft, senseless brutality rape, narcotic addictions, drunkenness and even murder. Such lawlessness is a worldwide problem.

So one may ask, what is wrong with today’s youth? Why is the incidence of crime among them constantly rising? Why are they committing so many violent and wantonly senseless acts of violence? Here are some major factors contributing to this problem:


Lack of parental supervision


Youths without parental supervision getting drunk.

For one thing, the modern family has lost the cohesiveness of its predecessor. In earlier times, when dad was on the farm and “working mothers” were in the kitchen, children were under closer supervision of the parents.

Parents were strict but they let the children know they were wanted and loved. There was no jalopy to whisk junior away from dad’s watchful eye. Instead of commercialized recreation, good times were had in the family living room. The family moved forward as a unit, “all for one and one for all.”

Even the youngsters had the responsibility of contributing to the welfare of all the others by doing appropriate chores. In those days families commonly enjoyed an interaction of unity, love, order, responsibility and mutual respect that kept delinquency to a minimum.

With the arrival of industrial and technological progress many fathers and mothers have been drawn into the office work place. Immigration from villages to cities and from one country to another has also severed vital links with stabilizing traditions. All this changes have taken youth away from parental supervision.

Possibly this is chief cause for many parents to be too busy with prosperous businesses, dinner engagements, club and committee meetings, golf games and so forth, to spend time with their children.

It is especially difficult on the youth if both parents are working. No one is home to welcome the youths when they return from school and there is no one to supervise their activities.

Usually such parents tend to substitute gifts of money and other things for the time they should be spending with their children. However, it is important for parents to remember that love and respect cannot be brought.


Failed homes


A child watching statues of parents fighting.

It is a statistical fact that most youths who get classified as criminals come from homes that have failed. Some youths are brought up in an atmosphere of drunkenness and brawling. They usually witness parents committing assaults upon each other. Such homes are nothing less than breeding places for crime and many criminal courts attest to this.

Youth’s whim is often the center of family authority instead of the parents’ will. In place of the old family unity, far too often each member of the family looks after “number one,” himself. Money and pleasure are the only goals for many. Unethical practices are considered “smart” and expedient. Idealistic youth sees many adults paying only lip service to law and morality.

Disillusioned youths then rejected the adult society and adopt a code of their own suitable to the society of the street. There, in the absence of adult leadership and a worthwhile goal, “reputation” and “kicks” become the important things in life. Youths have found this could be gained and maintained by the thrill of vandalism, theft, fighting and experiences with sex and drugs. Even if there are enough opportunities for employment, these youths no longer know the satisfaction of getting a job done. There is no real incentive to work and save for what they can steal.


Infectious rebellious spirit


Riots in the city of London of minority group of Sikhs.

Frequently when a delinquent youth is asked why he committed a vicious cruelty or vandalized a school, the answer is, “l don’t know why.” Or he might claim he did it “just for the kicks.” It seems many youths act on impulse without making any effort to excises self-restraint. Why do they behave this way?

Because they live in a rebellious era in which people are rejecting long established moral codes, flagrantly violating laws by acts of civil disobedience or fighting policemen who are trying to maintain law and order. This spirit of rebellion has infected the youth and is encouraged by parents and teachers who place ever fewer restrictions upon them.

Today’s age of rebellion might well be called “the revolt of youth” were it not for the fact that rebellion by adults has spawned the whole tragic business. One rebellion lays the groundwork for another kind of rebellion.

Youthful rebels can be divided into two general classes. One group makes up those delinquents inclined toward violence. The other group is made up of those who rebel against restriction so that they can live by their sensual desires, enjoying the excitement of the moment.


Mental diet of crime and violence


A poster of a horror movie of a murder by a teenage girl.

Not to be overlooked as a cause of youth lawlessness is the constant diet of violence and crime fed to youths through television, movies, comic books and novels. With regard to movies and television shows that constantly depict violence, are they just harmless entertainment?

Evidence show that the repeated exposure to suffering of others, for the purpose of entertaining results in scarred tissues of hardness, intense selfishness and even mercilessness. The murder mysteries vividly portrayed in novels and movies have a strong suggestive influence upon young minds. There have been numerous instances in which young imaginative minds have put into action the violence contained in such stories.

An example in point is that of a thirteen year old boy who stabbed his widowed mother to death with a bread knife. He told the police that he got the urge to kill his mother after watching some goofy movie. This adult produced movie sold him the overpowering wicked idea and with it he murdered his mother.

However, it seems unlikely the movie industry will do much in way of making changes to their scripts as long as they believe that their best profits comes from appealing to the public’s morbid fascination for what is sordid, violent, brutal and sadistic. It is up to each individual family to impose censorship on it considers detrimental to the minds of their youths.


Human greed


A picture of a bribe offered to an government official.

Human greed has been the molding force in developing the present structures of human society that has as a continuing feature of creating dismal living conditions for many youths, conditions that have breed so much ‘youth crime in the streets.’

Commercial vested interests, political exploitation and oppression, create frustrations that cause many youths to despair of being able to improve their lot in life by honest means. Vicious wars to achieve nationalistic aims demoralize and brutalize youths, creating a climate for future violence. High political figures and judges practice corruption causing youths to lose confidence in legal justice. Yes, crime seems to be woven by the very fabric of human society.

Therefore it is not surprising to see some of the youths involved in crime and violence even coming from middle-income and upper-income families. No longer can youth violence be regarded as just a product of poverty and slum living. In country after country young people from all levels of society seem to be going wild.


Conclusion


The reasons for worldwide lawlessness among youths may be varied, but whether the causes of anti-social conduct are perceived as originating from biological or social processes, conditions in the home are still recognized as the major causative factor in youth delinquency. While many factors play a part in the development of delinquency, family conditions are a key in sparking or dampening its growth.



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