How to determine if you are high risk driver?

A driver texting while driving.

High-risk drivers do not usually perceive themselves as such.

But experts recognize six types of personality faults that can easily manifest themselves when one gets behind the steering wheel.

As you consider each type, try to reflect on yourself, and see how safe a driver you are.

The Social Misfits

Among the high-risk types are the socially maladjusted, those who have problems in relating to others. They are:

1. The Self-Centered 

This is the person who insists on doing everything his own way. Sitting behind the wheel, he thinks that he is ‘king of the road.’ 

He feels free to set his own pace, ignore any rules he considers superfluous, and show off whenever he likes. He forgets that he must share the road with all the other drivers.

Acting arbitrarily and taking liberties, he causes accidents because he fails to respond to the constantly changing circumstances on the road and adapt to them.

2. The Uncooperative 

An uncooperative driver has little feeling for other people, nor does he understand how they think and feel.

Because of his difficulty in getting along with people, he is inclined to avoid them.

This is reflected in poor manners on the road and discourtesy toward other drivers—both high-risk factors.

For some, learning how to interact with people can take years, and this is one reason for the high accident rate among youths.

3. The Aggressive

One sign of an aggressive driver, according to the book Driving Instruction According to Aptitude, is,

the absolute refusal to give way to others when the driver believes he has the right of priority. He will not overlook the misdemeanors of other drivers or pedestrians, and this leads to shouting, interruption of others’ actions, . . . and horn blowing . . . in protecting his own rights to the bitter end.” 

Even imagined wrongs can provoke him. If he is also quick-tempered, his driving will often exceed the bounds of common sense.

The Emotional Misfits

Then there are those with emotional problems. These include:

1. Unstable Emotional

The Unstable Emotional extremes characterize the unstable person.

He has bouts of lightheartedness, excitement, and depression.

If he drives while depressed, he will miss seeing dangers, and his reactions may be too slow for safe driving.

If he drives while experiencing an emotional high, he may be reckless.

Warnings given to him in this mood are liable to ignite a display of rebelliousness.

He may recognize only his depression as abnormal.

2. The Overly Nervous

 Frequently this is a quiet type who gets wrapped up in his own thoughts, worrying about everything.

When driving, his mind is cluttered with non-driving information,” so that he is “more likely to miss important information or to misinterpret it,” observed researchers Richard E. Mayer and John R. 

A nervous driver may go to pieces even in situations that are not critical, such as when a truck pulls up alongside. He expects the worst.

3. The Impulsive 

This type acts quickly. Instead of taking the time to ascertain the facts and make an accurate judgment, he tends to rely on instinct.

The time spent waiting for traffic lights and pedestrians seems much longer to him than it does to an ordinary person.

So he gets frustrated and quickly loses patience. His failure to render a sound judgment before acting makes him a dangerous driver.

Do you see yourself in any of these types?

What is your reaction when some inconsiderate driver tries your patience?

If the shoe fits, as the saying goes, by all means wear it. For your own safety, heed the warning, and work on the weaknesses.

You need to be in control of your emotions and attitudes to be a good driver.

Being a well-adjusted driver

But what makes a good driver?  Traits of a good driver are, consideration for others, thinking before acting, ability to grasp the entire situation, wisdom to judge accurately, discernment, mildness, self-control, and acting in a way that protects other road users.

Good drivers also have a high degree of emotional stability; the mental process of perceptive judgment works faster than their bodily reactions; their judgment is accurate; they can control their emotions.

Does this description fit you?

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How doping has become the cancer of sports?

A cartoon picture of an athlete doping.

Millions of fans are often shocked when it is announced that their hero, the athlete who they admired, is stripped of his or her gold medal and disqualified for the use of prohibited substances.

Doping is a plague that has infected sports. It has become so difficult to root out that it has been termed “the Cancer of sports.”

When did doping in sports begin?

It seems that it was mainly after the second world war that some athletes began using drugs in sports.

Now, though, according to experts, the use of drugs among athletes is so widespread that it necessitates “complicated and costly organizations, often founded by the sports federations themselves, with the clear aim of obtaining prestigious results, attracting sponsors, making money, gaining power

In fact, the use of drugs and other illegal therapies to gain, unfairly, the competitive edge plagues many sports in all countries.

Each country wants to surpass the others, so no one wants to stop giving drugs to athletes.

The ambitious expectations and frequent sporting events keep an athlete under such pressure as to increase the temptation to make use of more or less legal means of maintaining good physical and psychological form.

The temptation is also made greater by the fact that sports trainers have few scruples. Doping is even now practiced on young boys.

Some forms of doping

Various forms of doping exist. For example,

Steroids, these are substances that, by influencing the production of amino acids, contribute to the increase of muscle mass and strength as well as to an increase in aggressiveness.

Stimulants, such as caffeine and strychnine, used to increase alertness and delay fatigue.

Narcotic analgesics are used to kill pain and to induce calmness.

Beta blockers are substances that, by slowing the heartbeat and steadying the body, are used particularly by archers and marksmen.

Diuretics are used for rapid weight loss and for masking the presence of other prohibited substances at the time tests are made.

These are just some of the well-known substances used in doping, but the International Olympic Committee has drawn up a list of hundreds of prohibited drugs.

The problem is that as soon as one of them is banned or methods are developed to detect its presence, whole teams of doctors and chemists set to work to produce others.

However, there are still other ways in which athletes try to improve their performance dishonestly.

In order to better their position in the water, some swimmers have had their intestines filled with helium gas.

Many athletes have admitted receiving blood transfusions to improve their endurance.

According to some, by means of a transfusion of their own red blood cells, drawn from them some time previously, the flow of oxygen to all parts of the body, muscles included, is improved.

Some women athletes have even used pregnancies as a form of doping.

Pregnant women experience an increase in blood volume, and this in turn increases the conveyance of oxygen to the muscles.

Some women athletes, especially those taking part in sports where great physical strength is required, have taken advantage of the initial stages of pregnancy in order to improve their performance.

After the games, they have an abortion.

How serious is the problem?

Judging by the rare occurrences in which athletes are disqualified for the use of drugs, some fans might think that only a small percentage of athletes resort to doping, and certainly their idols would never do anything of the sort.

But those who are acquainted with the sports world see things differently. According to some sources, 50 percent of the more physically endowed athletes make use of some substances to enhance performance.

But the problem of doping does not lie simply in that better performance can be obtained by unfair means.

Today’s athlete, and especially the one who takes drugs, is part of a much larger, though hidden, team, which includes doctors able to prescribe forbidden substances if necessary.

However, it is the athlete who pays the consequences—the shame of being found out or disqualified and, more important, the serious health risks.

It is believed that anabolic steroids cause damage to the liver and to the cardiovascular system as well as produce various other secondary physical effects.

These drugs are also held responsible for damage to the urogenital system, and for the violent personality of some athletes.

The abuse of other drugs, such as stimulants, provokes a “state of confusion, toxic dependence, visual hallucinations.”

As for blood transfusions, the scientific periodical Doctor points out that the infusion of an athlete’s own red blood cells is not without risks.

One of these is the “overloading and the reduction of the blood flow in certain areas caused by the increase of the viscosity of the blood” and the accumulation of iron “with negative consequences for the parenchyma (liver, kidneys, heart, endocrine glands, etc.).”

Can it be expected that antidrug measures will succeed in combating this plague?

Well, according to the experts, very few centers are equipped to do the proper testing, and the tests themselves are very expensive. Also, test results have often been falsified.

Furthermore, in spite of what has been achieved in recent years, new doping methods are always one step ahead of the means of detecting them.

Why do athletes dope?

Athletes dope because of the narcissism that makes them champions “demigods.”

Then there is also nationalism and the resultant political implications.

Sport has become a great vehicle for social promotion. The more victories it wins, the more a nation is considered.”

Money is also one of the new values that has become part of the sporting world.

Considerable financial and commercial interests—television-transmission rights, publicity, lotteries, and sponsorships—ensure “unscrupulous competition,” even among the sportsmen themselves.

A former soccer player said that soccer “is no longer a game. It’s just a business.”

The prevailing principle is victory at all costs, and according to the new values of today, this means everything—even doping and its lethal effects to unfairness and unscrupulousness.

The sporting spirit, so-called fair play, seems to have become a thing of the past. Will it ever return?

Judging by what is said, people hope so, but the facts are anything but encouraging.

Only time will tell how the fight on doping will turn out, all we can do is hope is that an effect remedy is found.

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The big dilemma in solving the narcotic drug problem

D.J. Green Lantern and N.O.RE aka Melvin Fynt Cocaine on steroids music poster.
Drug dealers

A Los Angeles mother inadvertently drives her car onto a street controlled by a gang of drug dealers. She is greeted by a barrage of bullets, which kill her infant daughter.

Thousands of miles away, in Afghanistan, a peasant cultivates a field of poppies. It has been a good year; production is up 25 percent.

Opium poppies field in Afghanistan
Opium poppies field in Afghanistan 

Opium poppies pay well, and the peasant’s family is struggling to survive. But these pretty poppies will be converted into heroin, and heroin destroys lives.

A shy teenage girl in Sydney, Australia, goes to a discotheque every Saturday night.

She used to find it hard to mix with the crowd, but recently a pill called ecstasy has given her new confidence.

Ecstasy pill.
Ecstasy pill.

The pills she takes were smuggled into Australia from the Netherlands, although local laboratories are also beginning to supply them. 

Ecstasy makes the music sound better, and she loses her inhibitions. She even feels more attractive.

A newborn baby shrieks in a hospital in Madrid, Spain. A nurse frantically tries to pacify him but to no avail.

The baby is suffering the agony of heroin withdrawal. Worse still, he is HIV-positive. His mother was hooked on heroin.

A young mother heroin addict.
A young mother heroin addict

For Maria, a tough peasant who ekes out a living from her small farm in the Andes, life got a little easier for her children when she began to cultivate coca and selling the coca leaves.

Selling the coca leaves in a market.
Selling the coca leaves

These are just a few of the human faces behind the drug scourge that is wracking our planet. 

Whether these people are consumers, producers, or innocent bystanders, drugs are relentlessly taking over their lives.

How big is the narcotic drug problem?

To make matters worse, in recent years designer drugs have entered the scene. 

These synthetic chemicals are designed to give the consumer a high, or a euphoric feeling. 

Since designer drugs can be manufactured cheaply almost anywhere, police forces are practically powerless to control them. 

The newer drugs are no less potent than their predecessors. Crack cocaine is even more addictive than cocaine. 

New strains of cannabis have greater hallucinogenic effects, and a new designer drug called ice may be among the most destructive of all.

Native tribes are also not immuned to this problem. 

For example, Yap’s four major islands and several smaller ones have a land area of 39 square miles (101 sq. km) and a population somewhat under 3,000. 

Yapese, the official language, is spoken nowhere else in the world.

However, some Yaps have developed custom of chewing betel nut, which produces a narcotic effect.

Betel nut tree.
Betel nut tree.

One of the visible side effects of this addictive habit is developing teeth with the reddish-orange tooth coloration.( As seen below)

Reddish-orange teeth coloration from chewing betel nut.

Similarly, in our modern society the are substances which can be legally obtained but under certain conditions their use can have narcotic effects.e.g. tobacco and alcohol

Technically, alcohol is a food because of its caloric content. But it must also be classified as a drug because it depresses the body’s central nervous system. 

In large doses it has a narcotic effect on the body the same as a barbiturate. Because of its mood altering nature, it’s a stress reducer.

It loosens up your inhibitions, changes your thought process. You feel that you can perform when you really cannot.” 

Therein lies the problem with drinking and driving. You have an impaired person making an impaired judgment about an impaired performance.

Some who are involved in difficult situations—divorce, loss of a job, family problems—often resort to heavy drinking in an attempt to cope with the pressure and stress.

In this condition they behave in “irrational, irresponsible ways"

However, with alcohol one does not have to be intoxicated to have one’s performance affected. 

Only one or two drinks can impair the judgment of a driver and make him a threat to himself and others.

Tragic indeed is this scourge upon society, which has poisoned itself with a deadly mixture of commercial greed and a permissive attitude toward a licit but potentially highly dangerous substance. 

What about illegal narcotic drugs?

Although illicit drug users may be in the minority, their numbers are sufficient to grant immense power to the drug barons, the men who organize the production and distribution of drugs. 

These unscrupulous individuals run a racket that has become the most lucrative—and practically the biggest—business on earth. 

Drug deals may now account for about 8 percent of all international trade, or approximately $400,000,000,000 annually. 

As drug money moves around the world, it enriches gangsters, corrupts police forces, greases palms of politicians, and even finances terrorism.

Indeed as The United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs has warned, in many countries these narcotic drugs have become part of “mainstream consumer culture” and that they must be viewed as a “formidable threat to international society in the 21’st century.”

For more analysis on this topic please read the following article:

Can the war on drugs be won?

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Why humans are unable to end all wars?

A US battle tank getting ready for war.

Who has not longed for the day when war will be no more?

As much as we would like to see it, however, the end of war has, so far, eluded all human efforts.

Not only is war still very much with us but it also has become so destructive and deadly that for the first time in human history the continuation of civilization, and even life itself, is threatened.

In view of the grave danger looming ahead, we cannot help but ask: Why have human efforts to prevent war been such miserable failures? 

Is war really inevitable? Indeed, why are wars fought in the first place?

Why human efforts fail?

A journalist and military historian Gwynne Dyer writes. 

If you live in a neighborhood where there are no police and everybody has guns and lives in constant fear of being attacked, then there is going to be a lot of shooting. That is the sort of neighborhood that all the countries of the world live in. There are no international police, so each country keeps itself armed and ready for violence; but the kind of violence that countries get involved in has a special name. We call it war.”

Though that is a rather simplified explanation, it does point out several of the basic factors that make for war. 

There must be the means to wage war as well as the inclination to do so. Along with these, we note also the lack of law and order in the “neighborhood,” which in this case is the world.

Consequently, the success or failure of any effort to bring war to an end would depend largely on how it deals with these basic factors. 

Has any human scheme, no matter how noble in concept, been successful in doing so? Let us examine the facts.

(1) Lack of international order

Many attempts have been made in the past to create some sort of world agency with the power to police the nations and to maintain international law and order. 

The League of Nations, for example, was formed at the end of World War I to ensure that the world would not again be plunged into war. 

In effect it sank into oblivion with the outbreak of World War II. 

Then, in 1945, the United Nations organization emerged, to be praised and adored by many as mankind’s hope for peace. 

What has been its record?

Today few people believe that the UN has the ability to prevent wars and conflicts from erupting.

Its existence does little to allay the fear of a third world war or a nuclear holocaust.

(2) Mounting threat and tension

Another reason that agencies such as the UN are powerless to prevent war is that the nations around the world are fully dedicated to national sovereignty and rights. 

They care little about international responsibility or rules of conduct.

To reach their ends, some nations feel fully justified in using any means that they consider necessary—massacres, assassinations, hijackings, bombings, and so on—often with the innocent being the victims. 

Even the major powers of the world often push one another to the limit in the name of self-preservation and national interest. 

How long will the nations put up with one another in such senseless and irresponsible conduct?

How many Iraq’s, Sudan's, Afghanistan’s, Syria’s, Yemen’s and so on can the world survive without a major confrontation? 

What must not be overlooked is religion’s role in these wars and killings. 

Mankind’s blood-drenched history can be attributed in great measure to the misguiding influence of religion.

(3) Armed and ready

One major reason why nations have not been able to do away with war is that they have not been able to do away with the means to wage war. 

Even though they know that the spiraling arms buildup is suicidal, they are not willing to give it up or to slow it down

By now it is common knowledge that the arsenals of the superpowers are stocked with enough nuclear devices to destroy all human life on earth many times over. 

But what about the other nations? 

Developing nations around the world, though hard pressed economically, have spent billions of dollars in the last decade acquiring some of the most advanced aircraft, missiles, and tanks available. 

The result? 

It has reached the point now where many of the buyers are having problems absorbing all their new hardware.

Many nations are literally armed to the teeth, as the saying goes. 

The fact that they have only so-called conventional weapons makes them that much more willing and ready to put them to use.

(4) Peace—only for those who want it

It has been said often that wars are fought by people, not by weapons. 

Therefore, even though it is essential that the means to wage war be eliminated, that in itself will not guarantee lasting peace. 

Logically, if we want to see true peace, the political, racial, and nationalistic hatreds that divide the world into ever so many blocs and camps must also be done away with.

What has frustrated efforts to achieve global peace? 

An obvious factor is that the human family is disunited. 

Humanity is fragmented into nations and cultures that distrust, hate, or fear one another. There are conflicting values, perceptions, and goals. 

Furthermore, use of military power has for millenniums been seen as a legitimate way to pursue national interests. 

After acknowledging this situation, a report from the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College stated: 

To many, this implied that peace would only come with world government.”

Some have felt that the United Nations might be that government. 

But the UN was never intended to be a world government with power beyond that of its member nations. 

It is only as strong as its member nations allow it to be. 

Suspicion and disagreement continue between those nations, and the power they grant to the UN is limited. 

Therefore, instead of shaping the international system, the UN remains more a reflection of it.


So what are the main factors aspects of human society that historically have led to war?

They include religious intolerance, racism, cultural differences, differing ideologies, nationalism and the doctrine of national sovereignty, economic conditions, and a popular acceptance of militarism.

When you read that list, do you see anything that is likely to change in the near future? 

Will the nations be less determined to preserve their sovereignty?

Will humans become less racist? Will religious fundamentalists be less fanatical? 

Your guess is as good as mine.

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