How to get more living space from a house or apartment?

Living space of a house.

‘I need more living space!’


How many times have you heard—or uttered—that common complaint?

Is the answer a bigger home or apartment?

Probably not.

Most of us simply cannot afford to move.

And even those of us who can may find in a short time that the space problem has reared its head once again.

The truth is, no matter how small our living quarters, there is often enough room for the things we need. It is the extras that generally create the problem.

And when a home is disorganized and cluttered, it can be a constant source of discomfort, frustration, and stress.

Let us, therefore, focus on three ways to “discover” more living space in the very place you already live—your home!


1.  Discard unnecessary items

Discard unnecessary items.

In many homes spring or fall cleaning is a ritual of shifting items around, cleaning and then returning the items to their original location.

But why not use this as an opportunity to discard unnecessary items?

Have you fallen into the habit of saving old newspapers and magazines?

Try cutting out the articles you really wish to save (marking on them the name of the periodical, date, and page number for future reference) and then dispose of the rest of the newspaper or magazine.

You will be surprised at how much new space this can create!

Take a look, too, at the furniture you own.

Are there pieces that do little but add to the clutter?

Perhaps a friend could put them to better use.

And what about your closets?

Are they full of clothing that you haven’t worn in years?

Why not consider discarding anything you haven’t worn in a year or more?

Granted, this sounds like a major project, and it can be.

So make it a family project.

Involve the children and your marriage mate.

When your children get into the spirit of the project, they just might be willing to discard some of the unnecessary things they themselves own.

The result?

Perhaps the beginning of a lifelong pattern of neatness.

2.  Utilize all available space

Using we the available space in the room.

Now let’s take a tour of your home and identify all potential storage areas.

This includes walls, shelves, doors, hallways, closets, and ceilings.

Inexpensive baskets or racks can be hung on hallway walls or on doors to store shoes, towels, and so forth.

Boxes or crates can be used as handy storage bins for books, toys, photo albums, and other things you decide to keep.

By placing these containers in your closets, you can utilize wasted floor space.

Are folding chairs taking up a lot of space?

Perhaps they can be stored under a sofa or behind your curtains.

Is valuable living-room space being taken up by small bookcases?

Why not, as an alternative, install a floor-to-ceiling bookcase in your hallway?

If you put doors on it, it may also be used to store items other than books.

Do not ignore the space under your bed.

Plastic or cardboard boxes can be placed there to store out-of-season bedding.

And what about your walls?

Bulky stereo speakers can be wall-mounted and save floor space.

If toys are cluttering up your child’s bedroom floor, try installing low shelves on the walls.

These provide a handy place where your child can put his toys, rather than piling them in a bulky chest.

The toys remain visible to the children, and the shelves can be moved upward on the wall as the child grows.

Shelves may also prove handy in your bathroom for the storage of towels, soaps, and toiletries.


3.  Rearrange your living space

A well arranged interior living room.

Living space can often be created just by rearranging a few things.

Many homemakers place all their furniture against the walls, leaving the center of the room empty.

Try placing two bookcases or tables back-to-back to serve as room dividers.

Or consider installing a floor-to-ceiling bookcase that can serve as both a storage unit and a room divider.

Now the same room can be used for two purposes—one area for study, the other for general household activity.

Room dividers are particularly useful when siblings must share a room.

They increase privacy at a low cost.

When living space is limited, however, sometimes even the best efforts at reorganization fall short of desired results.

Perhaps you can create at least the illusion of spaciousness by using wall mirrors or repainting your home in lighter hues.

Doing either of these things will create a more open look in your home.

If limited living space is a problem, why not give these simple suggestions a try?

You may well discover that when your home is neat and organized, it adds to the well-being and peace of mind of the entire family—a fitting reward for having won the battle of living space!

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Early signs and treatment of rabies

A dog vaccinated against rabies.

The disease affects the central nervous system, causing apparent loss of sanity.

Attempts to drink, on the part of its victims, result in inability to swallow and usually cause painful spasms of choking or gagging.

That is why some have called it “hydrophobia,” meaning “fear of water.”

Perhaps you have guessed that we are speaking of a disease more commonly known as “rabies.”

The name comes from a Latin word meaning “madness, rage.”

It is caused by the bite of an animal with the rabies virus in its saliva.

All warm-blooded animals and humans are susceptible.

The illness has plagued humans since the beginning of recorded history and in many areas is a threat especially to animal lovers.

There is no proved instance of the recovery of human from rabies.

Early signs and symptoms of rabies in animals

A dog with rabies.

After infection unvaccinated animals may take four months or longer to develop the disease.

The risk of humans becoming infected during this incubation period is especially high, for at this time animals may not show notable symptoms.

In advanced stages of rabies, however, the following behavior changes will take place:

With DOGS there will be aggressiveness, a tendency to attack and bite without provocation and emission of slimy froth from the mouth.

A common symptom is “the rabid bark,” ending in a piercing note.

The animal may refuse to eat.

It may try to drink but will be unable to swallow.

It may run long distances, biting at anything in its path.

Sometimes paralysis and twitching of one or more limbs set in.

Death usually occurs within a week after the onset of these obvious signs.

CATS display similar symptoms; but cats seek rest and shade. Rabid cats also bite persistently.

With HORSES there is noticeable irritation at the site of infection.

The animals gnaw at it and press against walls.

They also become restless, butt, and bite foreign bodies so that some teeth may be broken.

The palate muscles may become paralyzed, resulting in regurgitation of food and liquid through the nostrils.

And rabid horses often experience increased sexual desire.

BOVINES display symptoms of rabies in various combinations, including frequent lowing, colic, continuous salivation and restlessness.

It is similar with sheep.

However, humans have little to fear from infected livestock, since it is their nature not to bite.

WILD ANIMALS, including coyotes, foxes, skunks and squirrels, may become unusually friendly and tame.

The major symptom is loss of instinct for self-preservation.


Early signs and symptoms of rabies in humans

Human affected by rabies.

Usually the incubation period for humans ranges from three to eight weeks.

In rare instances, it has been as short as 10 days and as long as eight months.

However, warning signs regularly appear during the first two to four days.

These include headaches, fever, physical discomfort and nervousness.

Of course, these symptoms could be due to a number of minor ailments.

But if rabies is prevalent in your area, it would be wise to visit a physician at the appearance of even such common evidences of illness.

If no immediate treatment is obtained, a positive reaction will occur after the incubation period.

The illness will cause mental derangement, including hallucinations.

There will be pain, fever, vomiting, profuse secretion of sticky saliva, convulsions, paralysis and difficulty in breathing and swallowing.

In nearly every case, death occurs in two to five days.

The virus will have established itself so firmly in the nervous tissue that vaccination is no longer of any help.

What can you do to avoid such dire consequences?

The next time a playful puppy or a kitten licks you or someone in your household, think:

Is rabies prevalent in our area?

If saliva from a rabid animal enters the body through a break in the skin, the consequences could be serious, if treatment is not sought immediately.

The threat of hydrophobia is especially great for children, since they are usually unaware of the danger and often fail to inform their parents.

This is not said to induce panic in every household with pets.

There are many areas where rabies is relatively rare.

Too, even where individuals do not seek treatment, only about one in six bitten by rabid animals develops the disease.

This is because not every animal with the virus in the brain has it in the salivary glands.

And infection may not occur if the skin is only superficially injured or if the bite is through clothing.

Nevertheless, rather than take chances, it is best to report all animal bites to your doctor promptly.

There are now available various types of vaccines and serums to counteract the rabies virus.

The more recently developed of these are quite effective and without dangerous side effects.


What to do if bitten by rabies animal?

Ladies demonstrate what to do when bitten by rabies animal.

If one has not been vaccinated and is attacked by an animal suspected of being rabid, here are some things to do:

(1) As far as possible, try to avoid being bitten on the face, neck or hands.

After entering the body the virus travels along the nerves to the brain.

The farther the bite is from the head, the longer it takes to reach the brain.

(2)Try to identify the animal’s characteristics so that it can be captured.

Have a veterinarian examine it as soon as possible.

A definite diagnosis of rabies may take several days.

(3) If it is a wild animal, try to kill it without damaging the head.

This will permit examination of the brain to establish whether rabies is present.

(4) Wash the bite as soon as possible with ordinary soap and water or a detergent solution.

Then apply an antiseptic or a disinfectant such as ether or alcohol.

Whenever practical, wounds from animal bites should be allowed to bleed freely.

(5) Consult a doctor immediately, or go to the nearest anti-rabies treatment center.

A special detailed “Guide for Specific Postexposure Treatment on Rabies” has been prepared for doctors by the Expert Committee of Rabies of the World Health Organization.

Affectionate interplay between animals and humans can be enjoyable.

However, animal lovers in areas where rabies is known to occur must beware.

Negligence could cost a person his health, if not his life.

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What physical fitness really means?

A woman athletic stretching her muscles.

One only has to look at the multitudes of joggers, bicycle riders and sports enthusiasts to agree that ours has become an age in which people are aware of physical fitness.

In recent years people of all ages have taken stock of themselves and come to the conclusion that more exercise could improve their health, appearance and quality of life.

Why is this?

Simply put, in this age of modern conveniences and machinery, many no longer have to exert themselves physically in their daily routine.

Many jobs are of a sedentary nature, and in many lands even those that are not, such as that of housewife, have diminished in some of their more strenuous aspects.

This leaves much of mankind with bodies that were designed for physical activity but with no way to get sufficient exercise in their normal daily routines.


What 
is the definition of physical fitness?

A woman jogging.

Physical fitness, as defined by the Society of Sports Medicine, involves all the qualities of the body, including physique, function and mental ability.

A person who is physically fit should be able to do prolonged work or exercise without undue fatigue.

Fitness is not dependent on strength but, rather, on the body’s overall health, especially that of the cardiovascular system.

Physical exercise might simply be divided into two basic groups.

Aerobic exercises (jogging, tennis and field sports that require oxygen to be delivered throughout the body rapidly to produce energy), and muscle toners (including most calisthenics, isometrics and therapeutic exercise).

The theory is that overall physical fitness is dependent more on the aerobic type of exercise because it utilizes all the body’s resources, sending life-giving oxygen to all parts of the body.

However, muscle-toning exercises also have their place in maintaining physical health.

Benefits of physical fitness

Benefits of physical fitness.

Regular exercise is said to improve, not only the work capacity of the heart and lungs, but also the condition of other body organs.

Blood circulation and overall health are improved because more oxygen is delivered to body cells.

Additionally, in a test study made by the Education Ministry, it was found that men who regularly exercised had the physical stamina of men ten years younger; and women, that of women five years younger.

This led to the conclusion that those who don’t exercise age faster than those who do get regular exercise.

Summing up his own experience and the benefits of exercise, one psychologist said

the physical changes are obvious but, . . . the change in attitude is the big change. Even at work. I’ve got a frustrating job, now I love it. I’ve learned to relax. I can accomplish so much more, get so much more done without worry or fatigue, I can recommend it for anyone who is depressed.”

He not only slept better at night but worked better during the day.

Add to this the muscles that gain strength and firmness and the excess pounds that can be lost and you have an idea of some of the benefits of physical exercise.


What some are doing about it

Mother and daughter doing push ups.

Attention to physical fitness is nothing new.

When doctors in the were recommending bed rest for ‘that tired feeling,’ some were out doing push ups to combat fatigue.

Recognizing the need for exercise, many individuals now have embarked on some sort of fitness program.

Even big business has taken the plunge.

For years, many large companies have started each workday with group exercises in which the whole force of employees participate.

As one walks down a street in the business district of any city it is not unusual to see groups of people in company uniform doing calisthenics.

However, in recent years, due to an increased interest in physical fitness and its relation to overall health, some large corporations have introduced additional physical-fitness programs to aid their employees.


TRIM exercise program

A woman's exercise program.

The word “TRIM” is taken from Norwegian shipbuilding jargon and means to keep balance on the sea.

But, in relation to this exercise program and in keeping with the overall meaning of physical fitness, it means to build a healthy body and maintain physical and mental balance.

With this purpose in mind, a point system was devised to aid all who participate to gain and maintain physical fitness.

Along with the point system, there are specific hints to good health given for those of all ages and occupations.

It proceeds on the assumption that everyone needs exercise.

For example, the elderly are encouraged to get out and walk.

There is a saying in that “aging starts from the feet up,” so to combat this process older persons are told to use their legs as much as possible.

Taking up a new sport may be dangerous, but almost anyone can walk.

“Above all, just don’t sit home holding the cat,”
senior citizens are admonished, “that’s the sure way to old age.”

Those with desk jobs and drivers are encouraged to do at least five minutes of vigorous exercise, until they work up a sweat, both morning and evening, and to use their day off, not to sit in front of the TV, but to get out and walk.

Engaging in a sport like golf or tennis as often as possible is suggested as ideal.

Also, taking a few minutes daily to jog near home would fill the bill.

Individuals with irregular work schedules, whether their jobs are sedentary or not, are told to take a set amount of time each day to devote to strenuous exercise, preferably the same time every day.

The point system devised by the TRIM program suggests that everyone strive for three points a day gained doing what suits him the best.

Of course, those points can be increased as the individual sees fit.


A word of caution

A elderly man cautious about his health.

Along with the point system the TRIM program gives some helpful tips and warnings for the participants.

They encourage having a health checkup before embarking on any exercise program and then following the doctor’s advice.

If you are sick, in lack of sleep or hungry, they caution not forcing yourself to exercise.

Exercise should be balanced with proper rest.

Also, warm-up and cool-down exercises are recommended for those who do strenuous exercise.

Wear loose clothing so circulation will not be hindered, and choose a program that suits you as to pace and quantity.

Remember, exercise should be enjoyable, not an endurance test.

Exercise energetically and, lastly, don’t give up!


Therapeutic exercises

A man doing therapeutic excises.

Not to be overlooked are those muscle-toning and repairing exercises.

For those who want to strengthen a particular body part or just trim down their waistline, these have their place.

Groups of exercises have been devised to help to strengthen nearly every muscle and body part.

But persons with an injury or history of health problems should get advice from a doctor as to which exercises they should do.

Since lower-back pain seems to be one of the most common complaints today, we have included here some exercises suggested on the Today’s Health program mentioned earlier.

But before attempting them it would be wise to ascertain the cause of your problem.

Whatever benefits you may receive from exercise, it must be recognized that exercise is not a cure-all for disease.

Many other factors, such as diet and healthful, balanced living, are also important to maintain health.

But it seems that those who do get some sort of exercise just feel better in general than people who don’t.

So, does exercise really help?

Yes, answers the evidence.

It helps to maintain physical fitness and all-around good health.

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