How prevent and treat teeth gums problems?

A child teeth examined by a dentist.

Even young children can show early signs of the gum disease.

Unless treated, it destroys the tooth-supporting structures.

So if you want to keep your teeth, you should be concerned not only about cavities but also about gum disease.

And, yet, many people do not realize they have gum disease.

In its early stages, it usually is not painful.

How can you know if you have it?

Signs of gum disease

Gingivitis gum disease.

The most common form of gum disease is an inflammation of the gums (known as gingivitis). 

Any unusual redness of the gum tissues indicates inflammation.

Of course, spontaneous bleeding under pressure, or a “pink toothbrush,” is an obvious sign of gum inflammation.

“Pyorrhea” (or, periodontitis) is a more advanced form of gum disease, affecting the jawbone as well as the gums.

It usually is recognized by the pus that can be squeezed out around the teeth when pressure is exerted on the gums.

However, pus flow is the end result of the chronic disease process, not the disease itself.

Generally, there is mouth odor and a bad taste in the mouth, and the gums appear very smooth and flabby.

The recession of the gums away from the teeth is another symptom.

Excessive tooth movement indicates that the disease has affected the deeper structures.

Tooth migration or drifting can also be noted in some areas, causing spaces between the teeth or misalignment.

‘What causes gum disease?’ you may be wondering.

Plaque formation—A significant factor

Plaque teeth formation.

Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria, together with partially digested food debris, that forms continuously on your teeth.

It can cause much damage.

When you eat, plaque uses the sugar from your food to produce acids.

These acids and other irritants can inflame the gums and make them sensitive and more likely to bleed.

If left on your teeth, plaque can lead to even more serious problems.

Deposits of calcium salts from your saliva cause the plaque to harden and thicken and become tightly joined to the teeth.

At this point it is called calculus (or, tartar).

As calculus accumulates, its surface is rough and it causes the gums slowly to detach from the teeth.

This leaves pockets around the teeth that become filled with bacteria, food debris and pus.

Eventually, the bone structure also can be affected. In some cases, it seems to melt away and the teeth begin to loosen.

What happens can be compared to rocking a fence post back and forth in the ground—it becomes more and more movable.

Unless something is done to arrest the disease, loss of the affected teeth is imminent.

Is there anything you can do to prevent gum disease?


The best way to prevent gum disease is to keep your teeth relatively plaque free.


The American Dental Association recommends:

Cut down on sugar to help limit plaque growth and its irritation. Avoid sugary snacks and sweets that stick to your teeth,”

Additionally, remove the plaque by brushing your teeth thoroughly at least twice a day, preferably after every meal.

And clean between your teeth daily with dental floss.

Since plaque forms every day, it is important to remove it before it hardens and forms calculus.

Regular dental checkups can also help.

Your dentist can determine if there are any changes in the gum tissues and the bone around your teeth.

He can let you know how good a job you are doing in keeping your teeth plaque free and perhaps tell you how to use your toothbrush more effectively.

While your doing your best to keep your teeth plaque free can help to prevent gum disease, there are a number of other causes that explain why some people are more susceptible to the disease than others.

Why some are more susceptible?

Smoke from a mouth..

Certain diseases, such as anemia and diabetes, affect the gum and bone structures of the mouth and thus can make some persons more susceptible to the disease.

The hormonal balance within the body, too, is believed to contribute to the periodontal condition.

Proper nutrition is also a factor, since the food you eat affects your body as a whole, including the gums and bones that support your teeth.

A dietary lack of essential vitamins and minerals can make you more susceptible to the disease.

There are also a number of local factors that can cause gum irritation and allow pockets to form around the teeth.

These include: fillings that do not make proper contact with adjacent teeth; overhanging fillings, that is, those in which the filling material extends beneath the gum tissue, causing irritation; loss of a tooth, and teeth that do not make balanced contact when the jaws are closed.

Then, too, soft diet can be a factor in the development of gum disease, because the basis for resistance to the disease is vigorous blood circulation in the tissues.

The toothbrush can help to make up for the lack of stimulation due to a soft diet, but only if it is used vigorously and properly.

Much has been written about the relation of smoking and the use of betel nut to gum disease.

Generally speaking, there is a higher incidence of gum disease among those who use such products, especially when this is combined with poor oral hygiene.

Perhaps you are one of the millions who are already afflicted with gum disease. 

How to stop gum disease?

Teeth gum treatment.

‘All you really need to do is brush your teeth better,’ many feel.

However, if you already have the disease, good professional help should be sought.


Every case of gum disease that has not progressed too far requires a thorough scaling and polishing of the teeth.

This involves the removal of the calculus and plaque deposits on all tooth surfaces above and below the gum line.

The calculus is too hard for you to remove by simply brushing your teeth.

In addition, if you have high spots, that is, if your teeth do not make balanced contact when you close your jaws, your dentist may have to adjust the way your teeth come together.

This will prevent your teeth from becoming mobile and allowing pockets to form.

Also, the replacement of any missing teeth helps to keep the remaining teeth from drifting.

A thorough program of treatment includes the replacement of poorly done fillings.


Well, this helps to restore adequate contact between the teeth and prevents food impaction.

It also enables you to clean your teeth more easily.

The capabilities of the dental profession to prevent some aspects of this affliction have improved greatly.

So have methods of treatment and control after it has developed.

Losing your teeth is not necessarily unavoidable in old age.

For many people, gum disease can be checked and a healthy condition maintained by appropriate professional treatment, conscientious home care and sound nutritional habits.

Remember, you are the person most responsible for the care of your teeth.

So take care of your teeth—if you hope to keep them!

Read more…

How can I fall sleep?

Counting sheep to fall asleep.
. . . 1 . . . 2 . . . 3. . . . counting sheep.  Does it sound familiar? Is this how you try to fall asleep?

Many experience this night after night.

According to a medical journal, every fifth person has some sleeping disorder—women more so than men, adults more so than youths, town dwellers more so than people in the country.

Some have difficulty in falling asleep, others wake up too early, and still others wake up many times during the night.

What can you do about it if you have such problems?

To begin with, it is good to know something about sleep.

What happens to you when you sleep?

Father and son asleep.

Sleep involves intense electrical activity in the brain.

Medical equipment can measure this.

When you sleep undisturbed for a whole night, you pass through wave patterns of different kinds of sleep.

First, you slowly sink into a “deep trough,” called delta sleep.

This is a sound sleep during which everything slows down.

Your brain, heart and muscles relax.

Your body cleanses and rebuilds itself, as evidenced by the release of growth hormone.

Then you slowly rise to the top of a “wave,” to a much lighter sleep, called rapid-eye-movement, or REM, sleep, which is quite different.

It is mostly during this period that you dream.

Researchers have found that there is as much brain activity in the REM sleep as there is when a person is fully alert, wide-awake.

This stage is not yet fully understood, but scientists theorize that this is when the brain is absorbing the events of the day, like a computer, storing them in its memory bank.

You may pass through four to six such “waves” during the night, each “wave” lasting about an hour and a half.

This sleeping rhythm is important to a person’s well-being.

It can be disturbed by alcohol, sleeping pills and sedatives, which eliminate or reduce the important REM sleep.

Some appetite-hampering drugs and cough medicines may also disturb this rhythm.

Sleeping well at night

A woman sleeping well at night.

If you have trouble in sleeping, the first thing to do is stop being overly worried about it.

Worry only hampers your sleep.

Usually there is no danger in being without sleep for a period now and then.

The Swiss psychotherapist Paul Debois likens sleep to a dove.

If you hold your hand out gently, it comes voluntarily and settles on it.

But if you try to grab it, it flies away.

Don’t compare your sleep with that of other persons.

The need for sleep varies with age and from person to person.

Babies need 18 hours of sleep.

Normally, younger people need seven to eight hours.

Some older persons need only four to seven hours.

Much of the anxiety about sleeplessness is unnecessary, as sleep requirements normally change with age.

What matters is not how many hours of sleep you get but how you feel.

Indeed, analysis of the sleep of persons who claim to suffer from sleeplessness shows that they often sleep more than they think they do.

Why you maybe having trouble sleeping?

A man having trouble sleeping.

Perhaps the problem is not you but that of your environment.

The ventilation of the bedroom may be poor, or the temperature may be too high.

Try keeping it between 59 and 62 degrees Fahrenheit (15 to 17 degrees Celsius).

Rather high humidity in the bedroom is usually good.

If you take the chill off your bed before lying in it, you may fall asleep more easily, as a cool bed has a stimulating effect.

Is your bed well suited to you?

You should be able to move in it without difficulty.

Since your bed is where you spend one third of your life, get the best you can afford.

Make sure it is correctly placed in the room.

Most people prefer to sleep with their head toward the window.

Even the material in the mattress and the bedclothes may affect your sleep.

For example, a nightdress of synthetic fiber might cause discomfort.

The bedroom light may disturb you.

Some need complete darkness and even have to wear an eye mask, while others want a soft night lamp burning.

There may also be annoying sounds.

Have a new washer put in that dripping faucet.

If nothing else helps, use earplugs—although it takes some time to get used to them, and they are not a good idea for people with chronic ear problems.

Resetting your day and night rhythm

A man who is sleeping on a snooker billiard table.

Do not try to force yourself into sleep.

Some people simply cannot get sleepy until the early morning hours.

Doctors have found that it is much easier to adjust their internal clocks by advancing them than by trying to “move the hands back.”

Some lifetime insomniacs were cured by simply postponing their bedtime a few hours each day until their cycles advanced to a normal bedtime!

“During treatment I felt like a zombie [a walking dead person],”
admits one cured patient, but the final results were good.

Some people who complain about poor night sleep actually rob themselves by sleeping during the day.

So, if you find it difficult to fall asleep at night, try to avoid that nap after lunch.

‘But I get so drowsy!’ some will say.

Well, at those times why not do something else that may be refreshing, like taking a quick walk?

Think of your sleep as money in the bank.

If you “spend” it in naps, you won’t have it at night when you really need it.

The “do’s” and “don’ts”

A woman exercising during a sunset.

Vigorous physical exercise is a good remedy for sleeplessness.

Have you considered getting off the bus one or two stops earlier on your way home from work and walking briskly the rest of the way?

It may help you to sleep better.

On the other hand, too much exercise just before bedtime is not advisable.

Nor is eating a heavy meal before bedtime.

Both activities will get your body all “fired up” and may chase sleep away for hours.

Even a light meal before bedtime may activate you if it contains sugar.

Did you know that smokers generally have more problems with their sleep than do nonsmokers?

Sleep habits of smokers who suddenly quit improve dramatically, according to researchers at Pennsylvania State University.

In fact, heavy smokers who abruptly stopped reportedly spent 45 percent less time awake during the first three nights after quitting.

Avoid stimulants before bedtime.

Coffee, tea and cola drinks contain caffeine, the stimulating effect of which usually does not culminate until between two and four hours after you have consumed the drink.

Even cocoa is somewhat stimulating.

Some persons cannot drink such stimulants as coffee or tea after four o’clock in the afternoon if they want a good night’s sleep.

Other sleep-hampering stimuli may be late TV watching and exciting reading.

Milk, cheese, nuts and liver contain the amino acid L-tryptophan, which makes a person sleepy.

Preliminary results show that persons taking a dose of L-tryptophan before going to bed fall asleep more quickly and sleep longer.

A warm bath, or at least a warm footbath, before bedtime has a soothing effect.

Other suggested remedies for insomnia include such herbs as hops, heather, chamomile, passionflower (Passiflora incarnata) and peppermint used in the evening tea.

In some cases doctors may prescribe sleeping pills for a limited time, but, as Family Health put it, sleep experts “are categorically against the use of any sleeping pill for an extended period of time.”

If you suffer from sleeplessness, why not try the simple ideas found in this article?

If they don’t work, see your doctor.

It may be that your insomnia is caused by a chronic physical problem of which you are unaware.

While it may be true that sleeplessness never killed anybody, it is equally true that, as a haggard victim of insomnia said:

“It can make you wish you were dead!”

So want to sleep better?

● Avoid sleeping pills.

● Sleep at regular times.

● Get physical exercise, and avoid sleeping during the daytime.

● Quit smoking.

● Avoid coffee, tea, cola drinks, cocoa, TV watching and exciting reading before bedtime.

● Take a warm bath, or at least a foot bath, before going to bed.

● Have a cup of soothing herb tea.

● Keep your bedroom well ventilated, with low temperature and rather high humidity.

● Don’t take your problems to bed with you. If you couldn’t solve them today, let them wait until tomorrow.

Read more…

What responsibilities of being a parent really mean?

A happy family.

A blessing.” “A gift from God.” “A real joy.” “A delight to our hearts.” How heartwarming to hear such expressions from various parents"
Particularly in view of the fact that not all parents consider their children a blessing.

But the question is:

How do you feel about your children?

Do you delight in the many facets of your role as a parent?

Do you constantly assure your children of your love and gratefulness for having them?

When last have you taken them in your arms and expressed your affection for them?

Assuredly, being a parent is not an easy task.

It is hard, demanding work and oftentimes frustrating.

Nevertheless, it can be extremely rewarding.

And the good results achieved far outnumber the problems encountered along the way.

Many parents feel that way.

Do you?

Of course, there are dissenting views.

Not all parents approach their roles with joy.

To some, their children may represent a loss of privacy or freedom, since the children may have interrupted some planned pursuit.

Others may not have been emotionally ready for the complex roles involved in parenthood.

Still others may have resented the sacrifices for which their roles called.

But whatever the reason, it is, nevertheless, sad.

Especially since such negative attitudes will undoubtedly affect how these parents will regard and treat their children.

Why, some parents even refer to their own children as “brats” or “devils.”

It is little wonder, then, that certain children are unmanageable.

They feel unwanted and unloved, and in various ways they seek to strike back.

Positive aspects of being a parent

Picture of mother and child.

But what about those parents who do love and cherish their children?

Can we learn anything from them?

Can their view of their children give us some insight to help us to evaluate our own feelings?

Indeed they can.

The positive way they feel about their children is evident in the fruitage they bear: children who respond with love and obedience to the training and care they receive and who grow up into responsible and loving adults.

Then they, in turn, eventually pass on to their own children the principles and fine training they received while young.

And is that not what parenting is all about?

But what about your children?

Are they responsive, obedient, respectful?

If not, do not despair.

You are not unreasonable to expect such reaction to your training.

Why do we say this?

To be successful requires hard work.

As one widowed mother of five boys declared:

I spent time training them and now I see benefits coming from them—their conduct, their attitudes. They’re not wild; but tame and respectful."

The boys now say:

Well, mother, you’ve been around longer than we have—you should know.’ To me that’s a blessing.”

How many mothers would not want to hear such expressions from their children?

On the other hand, if the children are to be responsive, the parents must be really interested in what their children are doing.

It is not enough for the parents to set up rules and regulations to be followed.

They must do all they can to keep the lines of communication open with their children.

Those who keep up with their children’s hobbies and interests have little trouble communicating with them.

The mother of an 11-year-old boy attested to this fact:

I’m learning things from him that I wouldn’t ordinarily be interested in. For instance, I thought it would be good for him to care for something besides himself and so I got him some tropical fish. Well, not only did it work for him; it worked for me as well. Now I get so much pleasure in seeing those fish respond to me. As his interests expand, I find myself growing with him and it’s drawn us closer together.”

Is that true in your case?

In recent times, some fathers have become more involved in the emotional aspects of caring for their children.

They have long been regarded as the disciplinarians in the family.

But recent trends have projected them into areas of planning and caring for them as babies.

One father said:

I firmly believe that fathers should have an active part in their children’s birth if at all possible. So I was in the delivery room when our first daughter was born. Well, I can’t describe in words the beautiful feeling I had when the doctor put her in my arms for the first time right after her birth. ”

Can all children be viewed as a blessing?

Picture of disabled child.

What about children who are not born normal and healthy? 

Can they also be viewed as a blessing?

And can their parents also find joy in fulfilling their roles?

Let us have the parents of a retarded child with a bad heart condition answer these questions.

First the father: 

The doctors told us that we could give her up since she was going to die anyway. I asked them what could be done for her and they seemed surprised that we wanted to keep her. They said nothing could be done and they let us take her home to die.”

The mother continued:

From the start they encouraged us to institutionalize her but we wouldn’t hear of it. We never thought for a moment of not loving her. Why, she was our long-hoped-for daughter (after 4 boys) and we just wanted her with us. Now the doctors are amazed at her improvement. She is now 14 months old, although they said she couldn’t live past three months. She knows she’s loved and this has blossomed her development despite her retardation and serious heart condition. And she’s the most loving child I’ve ever seen. Of course, I love her because I’m her mother.”

Admittedly, it is much harder financially and especially emotionally on the parents whose children are afflicted in some way.

But such children require even more love and attention than normal children.

And when the parental love is there, the child will usually respond in a positive way.

How to cope with parental problems?

A parent saddened by her child's action.

Nevertheless, problems do arise and the question is: What can parents do to cope with them?

Little is accomplished by merely barking out orders to be obeyed.

If children with problems are not allowed to communicate with their parents, resentment can develop and disrespect will naturally follow.

One father of four boys shows the results of following such admonition:

I try my best to listen to them; to find out what’s on their minds. Only then can I really help them.”

Another great help in coping with problems is being available.

When children have problems, that is when they need their parents the most.

One mother expressed herself this way:

We are always available. We let them know they can come to us with anything. Even when the problem may be small to us, it’s often very big to them; and that’s what matters at the time. Because they know we care, they come to us with everything.”

How fine it would be if all children were free to approach their parents with any problem without first being condemned or criticized!

Is that true in your case?

Do you encourage your children to talk freely to you while you quietly listen?

Keeping your word is another important thing for you parents to remember.

It seems that children can take a lot of things, but they cannot take disappointments or changes well.

As one mother pointed out:

Making promises I can’t keep only creates frustrations in the children. They depend a lot on my word. So once I give it, I try to stick to it. Then if I can’t do something, I explain why and say I’m sorry. That lets them know that I fall short too at times and that has created a bond between us.”

When last have you expressed sorrow to your children for not being able to keep your word?

Read more…